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FAO’s Role in Policy Support










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    Nepal and FAO: Achievements and Success Stories 2011
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    Nepal is a landlocked country covering an area of 147 181 square km and with a population estimated to have reached 27.5 million in 2010. With a per capita income of US$480, Nepal is the 12th poorest country in the world. However, Nepal has made some progress in reducing poverty: in 1996 the poverty level, as defined by national standards, stood at 42 percent; in 2009, poverty was reduced to 25.4 percent. However, disparity between rural and urban areas is still persistent with urban poverty sta nding at eight percent while rural poverty is 22 percent. In addition, the gap between rich and poor is high and increasing. Nepal is committed to the achievement of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) as reflected in its Three-Year Plan 2010/11-2012/13. Despite persistent deep structural disparities across ethnicities, social and economic backgrounds, geography and gender and other contextual difficulties, Nepal is on track to achieve most of its MDG targets, with a few exceptions which are mor e complex such as the one related to environmental sustainability. Based on the 2008 Global Hunger Index, Nepal ranks 57th out of 88 developing countries and countries in transition. With a Global Hunger Index (GHI) of 20.6, the severity of hunger in Nepal is alarming. However, the prevalence of hunger varies substantially across sub-regions with the highest prevalence in the Far- and Mid-Western hill and mountain regions. However, there is not a single sub-region in Nepal that falls within the moderate or low hungercategories. This underscores the seriousness of the food security situation in Nepal. Nepal became a member of FAO in 1951 and an FAO Representative office was established in Kathmandu in 1977. Since then, nearly 200 projects covering various aspects of agricultural development have been completed. Presently FAO is co-operating with various agencies and development partners in Nepal through a number of projects – all aiming to introduce and sustain innovative approaches to agriculture and rural development. The country’s achievements in the areas of aquaculture, fresh vegetable and vegetable seed production, community and leasehold forestry are highlighted in this publication.
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    Monitoring Policy Impacts (MPI): The Eight Methodo-"logical" Steps for MPI  2005
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    This Module presents the eight methodo-“logical” steps for monitoring policy impacts (MPI), comprising:

    • Step 1: Initiation and preparation of MPI
    • Step 2: Policy review and analysis
    • Step 3: Development of the impact model
    • Step 4: Selection of impact indicators
    • Step 5: Research design
    • Step 6: Information and data collection
    • Step 7: Data compilation, processing and analysis
    • Step 8: Feedback of results of MPI t o policy makers, clients, public.

    The activities to be performed on the various steps are described, and an overview of the methods to be applied in performing these activities is given. It is pointed out that the eight steps represent a logical sequence but that the steps are closely interlinked and that there are likely possible feed back cycles to previous steps. In a concluding section, conditions for a practical application of MPI to specific policy cases are set out.
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    Indonesia and FAO: Achievements and Success Stories 2011
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    Indonesia has made significant strides in reducing poverty since the economic crisis and political transformation of 1997-1998. The percentage of its 230 million people living in poverty fell from 16.7 percent in 2004 to 14.15 percent in 2009. Since 2009, Indonesia has been classified as a lower middle-income country. Steady progress is being made to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). However, despite these gains, about half of the population still live on less than US$2 a day, and in 2010 more than 13 percent, about 30 million people, were living on less than US$1.25 a day. Indonesia became a member of the FAO in 1948, and an FAO Representative Office was opened in Jakarta in 1978. Since then more than 500 projects have been implemented throughout Indonesia, generating over US$700 million worth of external and domestic investments in agriculture, fisheries and forestry. Indonesia and FAO has been in partnership for 33 years and significant achievements have been made dur ing those years. Over the last 10 years, the main areas of support from FAO were in food security and rice production, as well as emergency support for the fight against bird flu and post-tsunami rehabilitation. Indonesia has also benefitted from a number of FAO regional and global programmes, including Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and the Special Programme for Food Security (SPFS).

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