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Cooperation for responsible fisheries in Eastern Mediterranean - GCP/INT/271/EC










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    Project
    Supporting National Economies and Protecting Livelihoods in the Fisheries Sector of the Eastern Mediterranean - GCP/INT/318/EC 2020
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    While the Eastern Mediterranean is home to active fisheries that provide important sources of food and employment, overfishing and environmental degradation pose a threat to their sustainability. In addition, scarce fisheries data and weak fisheries management in some parts of the region hinder the transition towards sustainable fisheries production systems in the subregion. The objective of the EastMed programme was to support the sustainability of marine fisheries in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea and its ecosystem, taking into consideration environmental, biological, economic, social and institutional issues in countries in this area. The activities carried out during the eighth year of the EastMed programme, which are the focus of this project, were designed to help consolidate the achievements to date, enhancing national capacities for fisheries management and strengthening subregional cooperation for the management of shared resources in the Eastern Mediterranean.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    A Sub-regional Analysis of the Socio-Economic situation of the Eastern Mediterranean Fisheries 2016
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    Within the framework of the FAO EastMed project, a Working Group on the socio-economic analysis of the fisheries sector in the Eastern Mediterranean was conducted in Athens, Greece from the 2-6 of November 2015. The goal of the working group was to contribute to the understanding of the socio-economic situation of fishing fleets in the Eastern Mediterranean countries, with a view to support economic advice in fisheries management. This report is the result of the working group and compares selec ted fisheries socio-economic indicators, including harvesting cost structure and profitability of main fleet segments. During the working group data was compiled from the Eastern Mediterranean, including Cyprus, Egypt, Palestine (Gaza Strip), Greece, Italy (Ionian Sea), Lebanon and Turkey. For the EU countries the data derived from the EU Data Collection Framework (2010/93/EU) was used, while for the non-EU areas the data was derived from the socio-economic surveys which are currently being co nducted within the framework of the FAO EastMed project. Data from Turkey was derived from the Turkish Statistical Institute. The data collected by both the EU and non-EU areas follow a comparable standard methodology, and using these data sets, socio-economic indicators were estimated and compared among countries and fleet segments in the region. The economic performance of 25 fleet segments from the seven areas mentioned above were analyzed and compared for the year 2012. The fisheries secto r in the region including the Black Sea Turkish production, produced a total of 581 thousand tons of seafood with an estimated value of $1.6 billion. The fishing fleet directly employed 80,017 people on a full-time basis working onboard 40,436 vessels. According to the data presented in this report, the value added generated by fisheries made up 0.05% of the total GDP generated in the region, employing less than 1% of the labour force. However, in the coastal communities of the region it repre sented an important source of employment, income and a highly valuable source of animal protein. In terms of profitability, the best performances were showed in Egypt, Lebanon and Italy, while the worst performance was found in Gaza Strip, where the activity was not profitable. In the vast majority of the fleet segments analysed, crew members are paid with a share system where the running costs are subtracted from the revenues before allocating the shares to the crew members and to the owner. Th e salary per fisher compared to the minimum wage of the manufacturing sector, was lower in Gaza and Lebanon, and higher in Egypt. The ratio of energy costs to operating costs showed the highest value in the fleets operating in Gaza, where energy costs are at an unsustainable level, which is detrimental with respect to the salaries of the workers and the remuneration of the investments. The fuel efficiency showed the highest values in Turkey, and the lowest in Italy where all the fleet segments s cored an extremely low value. The comparison of the breakdown of the cost factors showed that labour and energy were in general the primary costs associated with fishing, although their proportion varies among countries, depending on many factors, such as the fleet structure, the harvesting methods and the fuel subsidies/taxes. In general, vessels using active fishing gears (i.e. trawlers) are more dependent on fuel and have the energy costs accounting for a larger proportion of the operational costs while, for the artisanal vessels using passive gears, labour represents the larger proportion of the operational costs. Salaries can absorb as much as half of the total operating costs in small-scale fisheries, with the exceptions of Gaza and Turkey where the labour costs were below 20%.
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    Project
    Enhancing Sustainable Management of Marine Fisheries in the Eastern Mediterranean - GCP/INT/041/ITA 2022
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    Eastern Mediterranean countries have active fisheries that provide important sources of food and employment. However, overfishing and environmental degradation pose a threat to the sustainability of these fisheries. In addition, fisheries data are scarce for some parts of the Eastern Mediterranean, while the capacity to formulate and implement the necessary management measures to promote sustainable fisheries still needs to be strengthened in some countries. The past general lack of partnerships and cooperation has resulted in significant differences between nations in the way that fisheries are managed. This, in turn, has led to considerable disparity in the subregion’s fisheries departments. Furthermore, national management plans were often weak or absent, and the level of engagement of Eastern Mediterranean countries in regional management processes was very limited. Against this background, the project aimed to support and improve the capacity of national fisheries departments in five target countries (Egypt, Lebanon, Palestine, the Syrian Arab Republic and Türkiye), to increase their scientific and technical information base for fisheries management, and to develop coordinated and participative fisheries management plans in the Eastern Mediterranean subregion.

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