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Evaluation of FAO’s contribution to the Syrian Arab Republic 2012-2018












Management response

Executive summary

ملخص تنفيذي


​FAO. 2020. Evaluation of FAO’s contribution to the Syrian Arab Republic 2012-2018. Country Programme Evaluation Series, 12/2020. Rome.


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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Evaluation of FAO’s contribution to the Syrian Arab Republic 2012-2018
    Executive summary
    2021
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    The Syrian crisis has caused intense and sustained levels of violence in the country, which included large-scale destruction of agricultural infrastructure and disruption of all components of the food system. A total of 9.3 million people in the country are facing severe acute food insecurity. During the period subject to evaluation (2012-2018), FAO interventions targeted displaced and hosting households affected by the conflict across the country. Activities were initially carried out in Government-controlled areas and subsequently conducted through cross-border operations as part of the Whole of Syria (WoS) approach. Despite adverse conditions, FAO staff were able to create a portfolio of context-relevant activities offering concrete opportunities for stable sources of income, as well as support relating to input distribution (seeds and tools), livelihoods, value chains, and infrastructure rehabilitation. Coordination with the directorates of agriculture and civil society organizations, including Syrian NGOs and Water Users Associations, played an effective role in the delivery of assistance. However, the organization’s emergency response could have been more effective by more properly considering the regional dimension of the crisis, improved targeting, and prioritization, including coordination of activities across agencies. FAO leadership should continue focusing on and restoring rural livelihoods while promoting good governance of the natural resources and environment, prioritizing its technical advisory function.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Syrian Arab Republic | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    The Syrian Arab Republic is facing one of the most complex crises in the world. Almost ten years into the protracted crisis, hostilities continue with loss of lives, widespread displacement, limited economic opportunities, and destruction of livelihoods including agricultural infrastructure and services. The spread of COVID-19 is further exacerbating the impacts of the crisis. Some of the urgent and essential measures the Government has been using to control the spread of the virus include movement restrictions between cities, a curfew, banning public gatherings and shutdown of economic activities. COVID-19 containment measures have had the most significant direct impact on transport, retail, services and the daily waged labourers in and around the bigger cities. However, since remote and/or rural areas are also being impacted, the agriculture sector is heavily affected. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Syrian Arab Republic and FAO
    Building resilience and sustainable food and nutrition security
    2018
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    The Syrian Arab Republic joined FAO in 1945 and cooperation was strengthened with the opening of an FAO representation in 1978. Over the years, collaboration has spanned all areas of the agricultural sector, with an emphasis on enhancing agricultural production and rural development as well as normative support. Since the beginning of the Syrian crisis in 2011, resilience building has been a major component of FAO activities, with interventions targeting households affected by the conflict and host communities across the country.

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