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The Democratic People's Republic of Korea | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)











​FAO. 2020. The Democratic People's Republic of Korea | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020): Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Rome.



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    Strengthening Household Food Security Stressed by Effects of COVID-19 Pandemic Containment Measures in DPR Korea - TCP/DRK/3804 2023
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    The COVID-19 outbreak added uncertainty and vulnerability to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK)’s already fragile food security. In addition to recurring droughts and floods, it created a new, unprecedented stress, disrupting economic and livelihood activities critical to the food supply chain's sustainability. With an estimated milled food deficit of 374 246 tonnes in 2020, anticipated disruptions in the agricultural supply chain caused by anti-epidemic measures such as border closures, quarantines and restrictions on the movement of people and cargo, had the potential to significantly worsen the cropping season and, as a result, disrupt food systems. The Government of the DPRK took early measures to prevent the disease from spreading within the country, closing its border and suspending transport and economic links with China, which accounts for three-quarters of the country’s external trade. In light of new local outbreaks in China, the reopening of the border with China remained uncertain, impeding timely importation of seeds and fertilizer, thereby jeopardizing the planting season. In this context, FAO assisted the Government in helping farmers and vulnerable farming communities to reinforce their resilience to the disruptive effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, with an emphasis on promoting food safety and increasing crop and livestock production.
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    The Democratic Republic of the Congo | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    The Democratic Republic of the Congo has been facing chronic challenges linked to poverty, food insecurity, lack of access to basic services, armed conflict and insecurity, epidemics (cholera, Ebola virus disease [EVD], measles and malaria) and population displacement. Following the first reported case of COVID-19 in the country (March 2020), the Government declared a state of emergency and several urgent and essential measures were put in place, such as the closure of borders, the partial lockdown of Kinshasa with movement restrictions, and the closure of all schools. These restrictive measures were necessary but have affected a country that was already fragile, further exacerbating peoples’ vulnerabilities. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Chad | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    In Chad, recurrent climatic shocks and conflict are exacerbating people’s food insecurity, particularly in the Lake Chad Basin, where there are nearly 300 000 displaced people. In addition, the country hosts a large number of refugees from the Central African Republic and the Sudan. Despite good cereal production from the 2019/20 agricultural season, a 42-percent fodder deficit was registered in the Sahel region, significantly affecting feed availability for pastoralists’ during the dry season. Furthermore, drought, irregular rainfall and increased insecurity are preventing herders from access grazing land. Livestock mortality rates have al o been increasing during this year’s pastoral lean season. Following confirmed COVID-19 cases, the Government put in place a series of urgent and essential health-related mitigation measures, including the lockdown of all the main cities, movement restrictions and border closures. These are indirectly affecting the supply chain, limiting imports and disrupting markets, which is adding pressure on conflict-affected areas – Lake Chad Basin and Tibesti – where 40 percent of the population is experiencing difficulties in accessing markets. In addition, the prices of millet – one of Chad’s most important subsistence crops – has sharply increased, by 37 percent between April 2019 and April 2020. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.

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