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The Democratic Republic of the Congo | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)











​FAO. 2020. The Democratic Republic of the Congo | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020): Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Rome.



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    Zimbabwe | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    Zimbabwe had already been facing widespread food insecurity prior to the COVID-19 pandemic. The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) analysis for February–June 2020 showed people across the entire country were food insecure, with 45 percent of the rural population (4.3 million people) and 2.4 million people living in urban areas in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse levels of acute food insecurity. The underlying causes of this are three successive years of poor agricultural performance, coupled with an economic collapse that led to hyperinflation. Combined, this is limiting the ability of farmers to use machinery and access seeds and fertilizer. The first case of COVID-19 in Zimbabwe was recorded on 20 March 2020 and over 700 cases have been confirmed as of mid-July. The Government has declared the pandemic a national disaster and has introduced several urgent and essential health-related containment measures, including a national lockdown and the closure of international borders, with the exception of essential services. In the framework of the Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.
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    Sierra Leone | Humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, food access in Sierra Leone was already constrained due to inflation and the depreciation of local currency for the past three years, with below-average crop production and high dependency on imported foodstuffs. Furthermore, the effects of the 2014–2016 Ebola virus disease outbreak in the country are still felt today. There is, therefore, an urgent need to address not only health-related needs, but also the social and economic conditions of the most vulnerable populations. Following the first reported cases of COVID-19 in the country in March 2020, the Government put in place urgent and essential measures, including lockdown, movement restrictions and market closures to slow the spread of the virus. In addition, the fear of contracting the virus led over 60 percent of the population to stay at home, resulting in a general economic slowdown and income losses. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.
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    Haiti | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    During the past ten years, Haiti has been hit by multiple earthquakes and hurricanes, as well as a series of droughts linked to the El Niño phenomenon, irregular distribution of rainfall and floods while still facing cholera, diphtheria, malaria, a migration crisis and recurrent protection issues. These factors have caused widespread damage to crop, livestock and fish production, and to rural infrastructure, severely affecting the livelihoods of vulnerable households. Political instability, sharp inflation, the depreciation of the national currency and underlying poverty have also fuelled socio-political unrest over the last few years. Following confirmation of the first COVID-19 case on 19 March 2020, the Government declared a state of emergency, which has been prolonged until July 2020, and adopted essential containment measures to prevent the spread of the virus, including the closure of factories, schools, airports and ports, banning of meetings of more than ten people, night curfew, prohibition of informal street selling and reduced opening hours of public markets. The pandemic has further exacerbated the situation in an already fragile context, mainly causing: reduced availability of and access to food products, particularly due to the closure of the border with the Dominican Republic; increased food prices, including for staple foods such as beans, rice, sugar and vegetable oil; the slowdown/closure of economic activities; and market disruptions. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has therefore revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable populations.

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