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Accidental death and destruction in artisanal canoes: a retrospective study of the years 1989-1991 along the coast of Guinea (Conakry) West Africa







J.P. Johnson, J.A. Toure., - Accidental death and destruction in artisanal canoes in 1994 Guinea (Conakry), 1989 - 1991. Cotonou. Programme for the Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa.2l pages. roject


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    Data compendium on safety at sea for seven West African countries: Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra-Leone and Cape Verde, 1991-1994 1995
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    Safety at sea, as the artisanal fisheries sector in general, has been neglected during decades. and policies were favouring industrial fisheries. Nevertheless, Goverments are now adopting a more realistic approach more in tune toward development, and more in agreement with the fishermen's needs. As a result, Senegal, Guinea and Cape Verde already have specific administrations dealing with safety at sea matters. With the exception of Senegal, Mauritania and Guinea, very few activities were real ized for the safety at sea in other countries. Therefore, the Department of Fisheries of seven countries of the sub-region; Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra-Leone and Cape Verde ; in cooperation with IDAF, engaged in a methodic data collection on safety at sea and related accidents occured during fishing and transport activities from 1991 to 1994.Each year, artisanal fishermen paid a heavy price for these accidents at sea. disasters repited themselves, startin g from a simple capsizing without any serious consequences up to a collision between small and big boats and final wrecking. Causes of accidents are plenty the wind and the wavesappears to be the most importants. This result with a lot of death and injured. One should not forget the value of the material lost which is for this survey estimated at 1,261. 449 US Dollars. The results published in the present analysis demonstrate not only the high importance of the accidents dues properly to sea wor king conditions, their frequency, but also the importance of human and material losses. The data analysed shows that 518 accidents were declared to the investigators during the field work. During those accidents, 340 peoples died and 285 were injured. This survey is not exhaustive, because it was observed that people remain better the death than injuries on board. It can be believed also that with the time passing, the declaration obtained from those accidents sometime occured more than four years ago, lack of precision. Among the main factors having contributed to the accidents of the artisanal sector in the sub-region, we obtained by decreasing order: The wind with 153 cases. The waves with 185 cases. The Innatention, 66 cases. Engine failure, 35 cases. Overload of the boats, 33 cases. Disorientation, 26 cases. Fog, 23 cases. Panic, 23 cases. Various factors contributed to the accidents, however, it was observed that about 32 %of the disasters are due to negligence of the u sers. Among the boats surveyed, thoses with length comprised inbetween 12 and 22 meters are the most concerned, with 274 units being the victim of an accident. Data analysis revealed that for the totality of the boats included in the survey, more than 72 % are motorised units, using occasionally paddles and/or sail as auxiliary means of propulsion. Nevertheless, generally speaking, where the engine is the main means of propulsion, it is common to see small canoes going fishing without emergenc y sail and without any paddle on board. A long term work must be considered throughout sensitization field work for safety at sea.A programme for training of trainers in safety at sea matters within the Direction of Fisheries of the countries concerned appears as a priority.
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    Sub-Regional Workshop on Artisanal Safety at Sea, Banjul, The Gambia, 26-28 September 1994 (Report and case studies) 1994
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    A sub-regional workshop on safety at sea was held in Banjul, The Gambia from 26 to 28 September 1994. Organised by the IDAF Programme, this workshop brought together 22 participants from Mauritania, Senegal, Cape Verde, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea and Sierra Leone. A representative of the Canadian Centre of Studies and International Cooperation (CECI) and FAO staff participated as well in the workshop. The objectives of this workshop were: to review the results of the national acciden ts survey; to identify the fundamental problems and examine information on the status of safety at sea activities in the different countries and to prepare a draft proposal for a sub-regional project on safety at sea. The participants reviewed the status of safety at sea in the seven countries which represent the north side of IDAF intervention area. Great changes have occurred in the artisanal fishing fleets of the sub-region over the past 15 years. The changes have come about mainly becau se of the development of new fisheries, the introduction of new fishing techniques and the higher level of the motorization. These innovations have enabled fishermen to make greater catches. Unfortunately, this development has quite often been accompanied with some unpleasant and connected effects at various levels. One of the direct consequences of these side effects is that in countries with historical seafaring backgrounds there has been a gradual degradation of traditional navigational and seafaring skills over the years. The result is the high debt that the fishermen pay each year to the sea, as a result of repeated accidents and wreckages which range from a simple capsizing of boats with no serious consequences to a fatal collision between small and large boats.
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    Mort accidentelle et destruction des pirogues artisanales: une etude retrospective des annees 1989-1991 sur le littoral Guineen (Conacry) - Afrique de l'Ouest 1994
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    Les appellations employees dans cette publication et la presentation des donnees qui y figurent n'impliquent de la part de l'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'Alimentation et l'Agriculture aucune prise de position quant au statut juridique des pays, territoires,villes ou zones, ou de leurs au ites ni quant au trace de leurs frontieres ou limites.

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