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Global Action Programme on Food Security and Nutrition in Small Island Developing States

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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Global Action Programme on Food Security and Nutrition in Small Island Developing States 2017
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    Although significant diversity exists across Small Island Developing States (SIDS), they share common characteristics that make them uniquely vulnerable to food insecurity, and have contributed to the majority of SIDS facing a “triple burden” of malnutrition in which persistent levels of undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies, coexist with an increasing incidence of overweight and obesity. Responding to the SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway’s call to address these chal lenges, this Global Action Programme on Food Security and Nutrition in Small Island Developing States (GAP) aims to accelerate action on food security and nutrition to support the sustainable development of SIDS. Developed under the leadership of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs and the United Nations Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Sma ll Island Developing States, the GAP is intended as a tangible contribution to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Aligned with existing strategies, the GAP provides a framework for SIDS - both as individual nations and as a group – to identify and implement priority actions at global, regional, national and community levels in a coherent, coordinated and collaborative way to achieve their food security and nutrition objectives. Through the GAP, these actions have the potential to signi ficantly improve nutrition and well-being, reduce poverty and inequalities, and foster economic growth in SIDS for present and future generations.
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    Book (series)
    Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition in Europe and Central Asia 2018
    The role of migration, rural women and youth in sustainable development
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    The Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition in Europe and Central Asia 2018 provides new evidence for monitoring trends in food security and nutrition within the framework of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. The in-depth analysis of progress made against Sustainable Development Goal 2 Target 2.1 (to end hunger and ensure access to food by all) and Target 2.2 (to end all forms of malnutrition), as well as the state of micronutrient deficiencies, is complemented by a review of recent policy measures taken to address food security and nutrition in all its dimensions. The Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region encompasses great economic, social and environmental diversity, and its countries are facing various food security and nutrition challenges. While they have made significant progress in reducing the prevalence of undernourishment over the past two decades, new evidence shows a stagnation of this trend, particularly in Central Asia. Malnutrition in one or more of its three main forms – undernutrition, micronutrient deficiencies, and overweight and obesity – is present to varying degrees in all countries of the region. Often, all three forms coexist, creating what is called the “triple burden of malnutrition.” Overweight among children and obesity among adults continue to rise – with now almost one-fourth of the region’s adults obese – and constitute a significant concern for future health and well-being and related costs. While poverty levels in most ECA countries have been declining in recent years, poverty coupled with inequality has led to increased vulnerability of disadvantaged groups and populations in rural and remote areas of low- and lower-middle-income countries. New analysis shows that adult women have a higher prevalence of severe food insecurity than men in some areas, pointing to gender inequalities that are reflected in access to food. Addressing gender and other inequalities is key to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and heeding the call to “leave no one behind.” The publication’s focus this year is on migration, gender and youth and the linkages with rural development and food security in Europe and Central Asia. Migration is linked in multiple ways to gender, youth, and agricultural and rural development – both as a driver and possible source of development opportunities, with labour migration and remittances playing significant roles in the region. Changing migration processes need to be fully understood to better address the challenges of migration and harness the potential benefits for sustainable development and revitalized rural areas. Governments, public and private institutions, communities and other concerned parties must strengthen collaboration and scale up efforts towards achieving the goals of a thriving, healthy and food-secure region.
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    FAO's work with Small Island Developing States
    Transforming food systems, sustaining small islands
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    The world’s Small Island Developing States (SIDS) share unique vulnerabilities, resulting in a complex set of food security and nutrition challenges. Because of their small size and isolation, SIDS are particularly threatened by natural disasters and the impacts of climate change. Many have limited arable agricultural land and depend on small scale agriculture, ocean resources and high-priced imports. Further, the triple burden of malnutrition is often a reality in SIDS, with undernourishment, micronutrient deficiency and obesity coexisting within the same country, community and even household. The sheer scope of the challenges facing SIDS means closer international cooperation and a more integrated approach will be required to support them in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. FAO has a proven record of supporting SIDS in their efforts to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, transform food systems, and empower people and communities to lead healthy and productive lives. This publication presents the special case of SIDS, highlighting current challenges and opportunities. It features examples of FAO in action to catalyse change, including activities to help implement the Global Action Programme on Food Security and Nutrition in SIDS.

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