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Regional Training Workshop on Improved Fish Smoking Using The Thyarore System. Tanzania

GCP/RAF/466/EC SmartFish Project











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    Inland small-pelagic fisheries utilization options, marketing and opportunities for support 2012
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    The fisheries sector contributes greatly to the economies of the eastern, central and southern regions of Africa (ECSA) in terms of income, employment and export revenue. Until recently, only large-sized fish were exploited for human consumption but small-sized pelagic fish were used for animal feed production. However, in the last decade, concerted efforts have been made in various African countries to reverse the trend. For example in 2005, an FAO led study assessed post-harvest losses in one of the abundant small-sized pelagic fisheries (Rastrineobola argentea), in the East Africa states of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. In 2011, Uganda through the Department of Fisheries Resources (DFR), requested FAO under the Technical Corporation Programme (TCP) to address the question of high post-harvest losses in the fishery and improvement of upstream handling against a backdrop of declining per capita consumption trends. Under this programme, several products were developed to increase Rastrin eobola argentea, locally called Mukene, for human consumption. The SMARTFISH Programme, with funding from the European Union (EU) built on previous efforts by initiation of the present study that has been designed to look at increased utilization options to enhance cross-border trade in small pelagics. As a test case, products from Brycinus nurse (Ragoge) and Neobola bredoi (Musiri) commonly found in Lake Albert of Uganda were developed together with potential Ugandan processors and the economic ally viable products were marketed in neighbouring Kenya and Rwanda to gauge their marketability. Using a structured questionnaire with some input from the Trade Event Specialist, some potential regional traders tasked to evaluate their prospects. Prior to product development, information was gathered on all aspects of the Musiri and Ragoge fishery, including the sanitary status of fishing vessels, time of capture, daily catches, drying surfaces, storage facilities, packaging, wholesale operatio ns as well as markets and transportation. The sand-free sundried products, powdered and fried products were promoted for regional markets. As a complementary study, the nutrient content of products from both fish species was determined for purposes of backstopping the three up-graded processors who were at different levels of development. The regional market opportunities surveyed indicated that there was an insatiable demand for all products made from small-sized pelagics ranging from sun-dried to powdered. The large quantities demanded by the regional markets could not be met by processors using traditional processing methods and operating at a small-scale. It was also evident that product quality was a determinant factor in product pricing. The cost of sand-free products was one and a half times more than adulterated products which underscore the influence of consumers in the market place. There were other external drivers that are likely to enhance regional trade of the identified value-added products from Uganda. They included population increases, regional geo-economic and political blocks, carbohydrate-based diets, nutritional properties of fish and civil strife or wars. During the implementation of the present study, there were two major challenges namely; seasonality of the two species under scrutiny and the competence of local processors to be up-graded to standards required by the regional as well as international markets. Both factors slowed down the implementatio n process because unplanned exposure visits and training had to be conducted to improve the competence of potential processors under the up-grading SMARTFISH scheme. In conclusion, there was an insatiable demand in the region for all products made from small-sized pelagic fishes from Uganda and trade in such products can be enhanced in the region with concerted effort from all key actors along the value-chain, improved upstream handling, broadened utilization base, consumption campaigns and enfo rcement of quality and safety standards. However, implementation of some intervention measures cited would require harmonized policies across national borders, substantial investment in the sector, sensitization of key actors with regard to market requirements and goodwill among policy enforcers at border crossings.
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    Regional training on post-harvest loss assessment methodology. Dar es Salaam and Mwanza, Tanzania
    GCP/RAF/466/EC SmartFish Project
    2013
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    High post-harvest fish loss is one of the major challenges to small-scale fisheries, especially in Africa where malnutrition and food insecurity are rampant. Reductions in these losses have been hampered by a lack of data and compounded by existing complexities in small-scale fisheries, including the multiplicity of species, fishing gear and methods, as well as the number of landing sites. Despite the numerous challenges, efforts have been made to develop methodologies to assess losses. Today, i t is widely acknowledged that three loss assessment methods (IFLAM, LT and QLAM) can be used to collect adequate data and information on post- harvest fish losses for rational practical interventions. The efficiency and effectiveness of these three methods could be further improved with the use of Information Communication Technology (ICT) such as mobile phone technology. It was with this in mind that the FAO/SmartFish programme, in collaboration with the Fisheries Education and Training Agency in Tanzania, planned, organized and implemented a regional training workshop on post-harvest fish loss assessment methodology, which was held from 28 January to 2 February 2013 in the United Republic of Tanzania. The main objective of the training workshop was to disseminate technology-based post- harvest fish loss assessment methodology among key small-scale fisheries practitioners in the region. This activity is part of FAO/SmartFish initiatives to support beneficiary countries to reduce post- harvest losses and consequently improve the regional supply of fish and fish products. This competency-based training workshop had two principle learning outcomes: participants are able to carry out post-harvest fish loss assessments in small-scale fisheries; are able to record and send data to the database through the use of a mobile phone. To facilitate greater practical demonstrations, the majority of the training took place in the field, at fish landing sites and markets. Twenty-two particip ants from nine different countries took part in the workshop: Burundi, Djibouti, Kenya, North Sudan, Rwanda, South Sudan, Uganda, Madagascar and Tanzania. Resource persons were from FAO, SmartFish and FETA.
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    Report of the regional training workshop on post- harvest fish losses in small-scale fisheries, Mangochi, Malawi, 11–15 June 2012
    GCP/RAF/466/EC SmartFish Project
    2012
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    The Indian Ocean Commission through the SmartFish programme, in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), is implementing a regional fisheries strategy programme aimed at improving sustainable regional supplies of fish and fishery products. The programme has five different result areas, the fifth one being food security, which primarily focuses on the implementation of activities geared towards reducing post-harvest fish losses that occur in small-scal e fisheries. In relation to the reduction of post-harvest fish loss, the approach of SmartFish is to build on what has already been done in the region. More specifically, SmartFish aims to increase the capacity of various key institutions in the region in terms of systematic implementation of fish loss assessment methodologies in small-scale fisheries as a precondition for rational intervention, and indeed to find practical ways to reduce losses. In line with the above SmartFish, in collaboratio n with FAO, organized a regional training workshop on post-harvest fish losses, which was held in Mangochi, Malawi from 11 to 15 June 2012. The workshop brought together 17 participants from Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Swaziland, the United Republic of Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

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