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Credit to agriculture

Global and regional trends 2012–2020











FAO. 2022. Credit to agriculture. Global and regional trends 2012–2020. FAOSTAT Analytical Brief Series No. 38. Rome.


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    Booklet
    Credit to agriculture
    Global and regional trends 2012–2021
    2022
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    Access to formal credit is critical to farmers for purchasing inputs such as seeds, fertilizers, plant protection materials or animal feed. In the absence of personal savings, borrowing from informal sources (such as moneylenders, relatives and friends) may involve unduly high interest rates and unfavourable conditions, which may make many agricultural operations uneconomical. The lack of access to credit is particularly problematic for farmers as there is a gap between the time that money is spent on cultivating crops or raising livestock, and the time money is made from the sale of the products. Credit to agriculture measures the amount of loans and advances given by the banking sector to farmers or to rural households, to agricultural cooperatives or to any agri-related businesses. FAOSTAT provides credit data series from 1991 to 2021. This briefs analyses the global and regional trends for the period 2012 to 2021.
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    Booklet
    Credit to agriculture
    Global and regional trends 2013–2022
    2023
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    FAOSTAT provides credit data series from 1991 to 2022 for over 130 countries. Credit to agriculture measures the amount of loans and advances given by the banking sector to farmers, to rural households, to agricultural cooperatives or to any agri-related businesses. Each country’s central bank compiles its credit stocks by economic activities as part of their monetary and financial statistics publications via annual or quarterly reports online. Data collection has been carried out mostly through reports found on the central bank websites. In 2022, credit to agriculture reached USD 1 099 billion, an increase of USD 127 billion (or 13 percent) compared with USD 972 billion in 2013. Yet, the growth in credit to agriculture was slower than in other sectors, as the share of agriculture in total credit declined between 2013 and 2022 from 2.77 percent to 2.26 percent.
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    Document
    Bulgaria: Expanding ProCredit’s Operations in Rural Areas
    Report N. 4 - January 2004
    2004
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    The focus of this exercise was on issues connected with a possible substantial increase in the agricultural loan asset portfolio of ProCredit Bank. This summary outlines the type of client who could be targeted by the bank – the core borrowing group, the ways in which the bank could market its services to the desired core clientele, the type of loans for which a demand is clear, the enterprise types for which credit-financed investment appears to be most profitable, the regional considerations a nd, finally, the personnel requirements within the bank. Agricultural sector investment opportunities exist in Bulgaria, but continuing structural problems, especially in the areas of land tenure and marketing, constrain the extent to which the full potential of the sector can be realised through investment in agricultural production alone. These problems will not remain as permanent features of Bulgarian agriculture; the investment climate can be expected to improve over time.

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