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A cost and earnings study at Cotonou Harbour, Benin







Kamphorst, B., A cost and earnings study at Cotonou harbour, Benin, for 1994 1995 Cotonou, Programme for the Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa, 42 p.,


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    Report of the First Meeting of the IDAF Working Group on Costs and Earnings in Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa 1996
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    Governments in the region covered by the IDAF Programrne are increasingly giving priority to the development of artisanal fisheries because of the subsector's increasing role in providing much needed protein and employment opportunities. In their respective development policies there is emphasis on improving the socioeconomic condition of fisherfolk. In general the strategy has been interventions in improved fishing craft, fishing gear, outboard engines, and processing technologies documented in the mentioned region.In spite of the significant progress in production levels, development planners still lack information on the costs and earnings of the artisanal fisherfolk. This has deprived them of the means of adequately assessing the technologies to encourage and those to discourage. The situation has been exacerbated by the fishermen not keeping account of the cost and earning in their operations. An essential element for assessing private and social benefits has, therefore, been marg inalised in development planning and monitoring, in management policy formulation, in relevant sktor related studies, and in project evaluation. Hence the need for data collection on costs, earnings, and profitability of different fishing units with regard to the methods they apply in the subsector. To improve on the short and sporadic studies conducted in the region, the LDAF Programme invited national fisheries administrations and research institutions to collaborate with her to assess the c ost structure, the sharing system, and the profitability of artisanal fisheries operations for a year in ten of its twenty associated countries. The results of the study will be used as a comparative information working document in a workshop to be organised in November 1996. The invited institutions nominated economists or technologists with relevant experience to serve as Study Coordinators in their respective countries. To facilitate the exchange of information and experience these nominees now constitute a Working Group on Costs and Earnings on Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa. The first meeting of this Group was held in Dakar on the 12 and 13 June 1995.
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    Costs, earnings and expenditure structures of fisherwomen, fish processors, and fish traders in Ogheye, Delta State, Nigeria 1997
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    The findings are presented of a study carried out in Ogheye, Delta State, Nigeria to develop and implement cheap and viable research methods to study costs, earnings and expenditure structures of women involved in the artisanal fisheries sub-sector. Information was collected on the following issues: investment costs, operational costs and sources of funds; women's income; the profitability of women's activities; social obligations and the structure of expenses; marketing channels; and, the role and structure of socio-professional organizations. The survey showed that the women are involved in 3 combinations of activities: fishing-processing-marketing; fishing-marketing; and, processing-marketing.
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    Data compendium on safety at sea for seven West African countries: Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra-Leone and Cape Verde, 1991-1994 1995
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    Safety at sea, as the artisanal fisheries sector in general, has been neglected during decades. and policies were favouring industrial fisheries. Nevertheless, Goverments are now adopting a more realistic approach more in tune toward development, and more in agreement with the fishermen's needs. As a result, Senegal, Guinea and Cape Verde already have specific administrations dealing with safety at sea matters. With the exception of Senegal, Mauritania and Guinea, very few activities were real ized for the safety at sea in other countries. Therefore, the Department of Fisheries of seven countries of the sub-region; Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra-Leone and Cape Verde ; in cooperation with IDAF, engaged in a methodic data collection on safety at sea and related accidents occured during fishing and transport activities from 1991 to 1994.Each year, artisanal fishermen paid a heavy price for these accidents at sea. disasters repited themselves, startin g from a simple capsizing without any serious consequences up to a collision between small and big boats and final wrecking. Causes of accidents are plenty the wind and the wavesappears to be the most importants. This result with a lot of death and injured. One should not forget the value of the material lost which is for this survey estimated at 1,261. 449 US Dollars. The results published in the present analysis demonstrate not only the high importance of the accidents dues properly to sea wor king conditions, their frequency, but also the importance of human and material losses. The data analysed shows that 518 accidents were declared to the investigators during the field work. During those accidents, 340 peoples died and 285 were injured. This survey is not exhaustive, because it was observed that people remain better the death than injuries on board. It can be believed also that with the time passing, the declaration obtained from those accidents sometime occured more than four years ago, lack of precision. Among the main factors having contributed to the accidents of the artisanal sector in the sub-region, we obtained by decreasing order: The wind with 153 cases. The waves with 185 cases. The Innatention, 66 cases. Engine failure, 35 cases. Overload of the boats, 33 cases. Disorientation, 26 cases. Fog, 23 cases. Panic, 23 cases. Various factors contributed to the accidents, however, it was observed that about 32 %of the disasters are due to negligence of the u sers. Among the boats surveyed, thoses with length comprised inbetween 12 and 22 meters are the most concerned, with 274 units being the victim of an accident. Data analysis revealed that for the totality of the boats included in the survey, more than 72 % are motorised units, using occasionally paddles and/or sail as auxiliary means of propulsion. Nevertheless, generally speaking, where the engine is the main means of propulsion, it is common to see small canoes going fishing without emergenc y sail and without any paddle on board. A long term work must be considered throughout sensitization field work for safety at sea.A programme for training of trainers in safety at sea matters within the Direction of Fisheries of the countries concerned appears as a priority.

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