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Study on residents’ willingness to accept based on double-bounded dichotomous CVM: a case study of Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot, China

XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022









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    Evaluation and management of recreation and aesthetic services in Qilian Mountain National Park, Qinghai Province, China
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Recreation and aesthetic services are an important part of ecosystem cultural services. Based on the UN’s Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) framework, this study evaluated the value of ecosystem recreation and aesthetic services in Qilian Mountain National Park in Qinghai Province, China. The research mainly adopts Contingent Valuation Method (CVM) through the questionnaire survey of local residents and tourists in September 2016, the study obtained 1468 valid questionnaires, and uses the method of payment card to get consumers' willingness to pay (WTP), and then through the mean of total willingness to pay to estimate ecosystem recreation and aesthetic service value (ecological tourism and recreation and aesthetic value) for Qilian Mountain National Park. The results show that the ecosystem cultural service value of Qilian Mountain National Park in Qinghai Province in 2016 and 2018 is estimated at about 10.45 billion RMB yuan and 1.3 billion RMB yuan respectively. Among them, the annual average value of ecotourism and recreation in 2016 and 2018 is 203 million RMB yuan and 332 million RMB yuan separately, and the yearly average value of aesthetics is 842 million RMB yuan and 968 million RMB yuan respectively. The study also discussed about the management of ecosystem recreation and aesthetic services, the management should focus on improve the nature of aesthetic value in Qilian Mountain National Park, and making its construction into a demonstration zone can be copied, can draw lessons from the national park and ecological demonstration centers of culture, and strengthen the aesthetic services resources asset-like management and so on in Qilian Mountain National Park. Keywords: Economic Development, Sustainable forest management, Human health and well-being, Policies, Governance ID: 3488407
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    Tourists’ willingness-to-pay for groundwater conservation, Mt Makiling, Philippines
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Mt Makiling is a dormant volcano that supplies hot water to springs and groundwater in Los Baños and Calamba City, Philippines, spurring the development of a resort-based tourism industry that is heavily extracting groundwater. The paper discusses the results of a contingent valuation survey that sought to evaluate the tourists’ knowledge about the resorts’ water source and use practices, reasons for visiting, willingness-to-pay for improved water conservation practices and the conservation of Mt Makiling as water source, and whether they would visit the resorts during the COVID-19 pandemic. About 50% of 492 respondents were aware of the resorts’ water source, with about half saying that the source is hot springs, but only a few were aware of groundwater as the water source. The main reasons for visiting the resorts are for relaxation and the resorts’ accessibility and affordability. The estimated mean WTP ranged from PhP75/visit (payment card) to PhP174/visit (dichotomous choice), and the respondents were willing to pay because they would like to contribute to the conservation of the groundwater resource of Mt Makiling and because groundwater is limited. On the other hand, some respondents were not willing to pay because they could not afford the additional amount and they perceive that they should not be made to pay for the cost of proper recycling of pool water. Most of the respondents said they would still consider visiting resorts during the pandemic to enjoy the pools and the environment and for the health benefits from the hot-water pools. A higher preference for private resorts was observed because these can be used exclusively by a group. The respondents who do not want to visit resorts during the pandemic said they would consider visits again if compliance with health and safety protocols would be assured. Finally, majority of the respondents recognize that the new health and safety standards for resorts will result in higher fees charged by resorts. Keywords: Mt Makiling, Los Baños, Calamba, contingent valuation, water conservation ID: 3618043
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    Study on Chinese herders’ preference for grassland ecological compensation and its impact factors — Based on the survey of two counties in Qinghai Province
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    China's Grassland covers an area of 390 million hectares, accounting for more than 40% of the total land area. It is the largest terrestrial ecosystem in China. After the institutional reform of the State Council, the State Forestry and Grassland Administration (NFGA) became the department in charge of grassland and forest. NFGA began to explore the long-term mechanism for Grassland Ecological Compensation (GEC). Qinghai Province is the main pastoral region in China, and it is also the water source of Yangtze River, Yellow River and Lantsang River (Mekong River), where there are different herders with different Religious Belief and Minority. It is of great significance for the formulation of long-term GEC mechanism and the implementation of precise policies to study the local herders’ preference for GEC and its influencing factors. Based on 340 questionnaires from Qilian County and Menyuan County in Qinghai Province, this study selects three compensation methods, fund compensation (FC), policy compensation (PC) and substantial compensation (SC), as dependent variables, and takes demographic characteristics, family characteristics, grassland characteristics, policy cognition and other factors as independent variables. Disordered Multiple Logistic Regression Analysis was used in this study. The results show that 69.71% of respondents prefer FC, 20.29% prefer PC, and 10% prefer MC. The impact of some independent variable involved county, demographic characteristics, Family characteristics, grassland characteristics on herders’ preference for GEC means is significant. It is found that policy cognition has no significant to the preference. Therefore, the study believes that FC is still the main compensation method for a period of time, but it should be more diversified and detailed for different groups and their demands in the sustainable compensation mechanism and policy design. Keywords: Agriculture, Governance, Policies, Research ID: 3486732

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