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Wildlife law and the legal empowerment of the poor in Sub-Saharan Africa: new case studies









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    Book (series)
    Wildlife legislation and the empowerment of the poor in Latin America
    FAO legal papers online #80 September 2009
    2009
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    This study analyzes and compares national legislation on wildlife management in eleven countries in Central and South America, with the aim of identifying strengths and weaknesses of legal frameworks in the promotion of sustainable wildlife management and in allowing all members of society, and particularly disadvantaged people, to directly benefit from wildlife management. The study identifies several approaches to wildlife regimes in the region, which may be generally classified as either holi stic or sectoral. Holistic regimes regulate biodiversity and its components through comprehensive regimes governing all extractive and non-extractive uses of wildlife, while sectoral ones consist of a series of different legal instruments – usually developed independently from each other – on disparate issues such as hunting and wildlife conservation in protected areas.
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    Book (series)
    Wildlife law and the legal empowerment of the poor in Sub-Saharan Africa 2009
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    There is a wide variety of interests to be balanced in wildlife management. These interests range from the conservation of biodiversity and specific endangered species and their habitats, to valuable opportunities in eco-tourism or hunting tourism, to the needs and traditions of the local population relating to hunting and collection of animals or their products. In the case of rural communities in some parts of the world, especially where alternative sources of food and revenue are scarce, the impact of inadequate wildlife management which can result in decreased availability of bushmeat or cash or in exacerbated human-wildlife conflicts, may endanger the survival of wild animal species. However, this may be difficult to assess precisely, as based on existing literature, the actual degree of dependence of people on wildlife resources varies greatly. In any case, it is evident that the contribution of sustainable wildlife management to the reduction of poverty and food security, suppor ted by appropriate legal frameworks, is essential. Nevertheless, enacting effective legal reforms in the area of wildlife management is challenging.
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    Document
    Wildlife Legislation and the Empowerment of the Poor in Asia and Oceania 2010
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    This study analyses and compares national legislation on wildlife management in twelve countries in Asia and Oceania, with the aim of identifying strengths and weaknesses of legal frameworks in the promotion of sustainable wildlife management and in allowing disadvantaged people, particularly indigenous and local communities, to directly benefit from it.

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