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Gender inequalities in Rural Employment in Malawi - an overview

Malawi Country Profile - overview







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    Tanzania Mainland country profile: gender inequalities in rural employment in Tanzania Mainland, an overview 2014
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    This country profile, prepared by the Social Protection Division (ESP) of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), aims to contribute to a better understanding of the types and the degree of existing employment-related gender inequalities in rural settings of Tanzania Mainland and highlight key areas of attention for policy makers conducive to poverty reduction and food security. It constitutes an important added value to existing sources, most notably because it provid es rural-specific information and cross-examines different dimensions of inequality. The country profile assesses the nature and degree of existing gender disparities in employment and income in rural areas, linking them to factors such as education, age and wealth when possible. Tanzania Mainland remains a primarily rural country with an agriculture-based economy and significant rural-urban and regional socio-economic disparities. It is widely recognized that improving the performance of the ag riculture sector is critical for poverty reduction and food security. At the same time, a body of evidence has demonstrated that the underperformance of the agriculture sector is partially due to the existing gender inequalities in access, use and control of assets, resources, and services, including rural employment. Women, particularly in rural areas, are often disadvantaged in terms of decent work and income generating opportunities owing to limited access and control over resources, includin g education and training, land and decision-making powers. Rural women face greater difficulties in translating their labour into gainful and productive work that could ultimately lead to a reduction of poverty and enhancement of food security. Agriculture is the largest sector of employment in Tanzania Mainland, with the vast majority of rural women and men employed in agriculture, mostly as self-employed on their own farms. The present country profile identified persisting gender inequalities in Tanzania Mainland, particularly in terms of access to productive resources, income generating and employment opportunities, time-use patterns and educational possibilities.
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    Gender inequalities in Rural Employment in Ghana - an overview
    Ghana country profile
    2012
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    Despite Ghana's great progress in poverty reduction, an important share of rural men and women in the country still lack decent work opportunities. The Northern part of the country and rural areas in general are of major concern. Rural women in particular face greater difficulties in transforming their labour into more productive employment activities and their paid work into higher and more secure incomes. Similarly, the young rural population faces barriers in joining the labour market and mig ration is often a livelihood strategy. Efforts to promote gender equity in labour markets and income generating activities, as well as to support decent employment initiatives in rural areas, are hampered by the lack of comprehensive information on the multiple dimensions of social and gender inequalities, particularly in rural areas. This country profile developed by the Gender, Equity and Rural Employment Division (ESW) of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) addresses the lack of statistics and contributes to a better understanding of the types and the degree of existing gender inequalities in rural settings. The profile serves as a policy support tool for integrating and monitoring gender equity and decent rural employment in agriculture, food security, and rural development policies and programs.
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    Gender inequalities in Rural Employment in Ghana - policy and legislation
    Ghana Country Profile
    2012
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    Poverty in Ghana continues to be extensive, particularly for farming households. Low agricultural productivity and the lack of decent work opportunities, along with a poorly educated workforce pose great challenges for poverty eradication. The lack of comprehensive policy formulation and legal mechanisms hamper efforts to promote social and gender equality in rural labor markets. Policies that take into account the multiple dimensions in which social and gender inequalities interact, partic ularly in rural areas, will support decent employment initiatives and income generating activities. The Ghana profile on policy and legislation developed by the Gender, Equity and Rural Employment Division (ESW) of the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations aims to improve the understanding of the available policy and legislation mechanisms that are relevant for addressing gender and social inequalities in rural labor markets.

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