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Improving Food Security in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan - TCP/SEC/3502










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    Booklet
    Regional Legal Report on results of analysis of legislation relevant to antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance in the food and agriculture sector in Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan 2023
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    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global health threat, that has been exacerbated by the inappropriate and excessive use of antimicrobials, especially in the human and livestock-related food-producing sectors. The Regional Legal Report presents the results of an analysis of the national legislation relevant to antimicrobial use (AMU) and AMR in the food and agriculture sector that has been conducted in Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan. The document discusses the findings of the legal analysis, gives recommendations for addressing weaknesses and formulates proposals for improving existing legislation in each country, with the ultimate goal of limiting the imprudent use of antimicrobials, and therefore decreasing the spread of AMR in food and agriculture.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Guidelines on the Implementation of Nature-based Solutions (NbS) to Combat the Negative Impact of Climate Change on Forestry
    Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Türkiye, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan
    2023
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    Climate change is one of the most critical social and environmental concerns and the biggest threat to economic stability in human history. Türkiye, Azerbaijan, and Central Asia countries, namely Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, are vulnerable to the negative impacts of climate change. Although average forest cover is only 10.2 percent of these countries (FAO-SEC countries), they play an essential role in climate change mitigation and adaptation, including human well-being and biodiversity co-benefits. The NbS concept has gained attention since the late 2000s. Its practical contribution to global climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts has found significant implementation opportunities in forestry to support the protection and conservation, restoration and expansion, and sustainable management of forests under the impact of climate change. Globally, implementing NbSs to combat the negative impact of climate change on forestry is promoted by the United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Paris Agreement, United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), The United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat), and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Regionally, implementing NbSs to combat the negative impacts of climate change on forestry has been included in the forest policy initiatives of the countries in the sub-region recently. As a result, governments have implemented NbSs through national strategies and programs to address societal challenges by enhancing ecosystem services and promoting human well-being and biodiversity co-benefits. For example, Azerbaijan has implemented afforestation, reforestation, rehabilitation, and restoration activities in forest fund lands on an average of 9 727 hectares (ha) annually since 2000. Kazakhstan aims to save the Aral Sea basin from salinity and improve soil fertility through afforestation activities of saxaul species on 0.25 million ha, and the afforestation area in the Aral Sea will be extended by 1 million ha till 2025. Kyrgyzstan has planned a 1,000-ha annual plantation program to expand protected natural areas to 10 percent. Tajikistan implements 2,000 ha of annual plantation activities to increase the greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation potential through participatory forestry sector development. Türkiye implemented afforestation, soil conservation, forest rehabilitation, pasture rehabilitation, private afforestation, artificial regeneration, and establishment of energy forests activities on 9.62 million ha from 1946 to 2022. Turkmenistan conducts afforestation activities with drought-resistant plant species and established the "Golden Century Lake" in the Karakum Desert to improve the climate conditions and conserve biodiversity. Uzbekistan declared the Aral Sea region
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    Project
    Support in Formulating National Export Promotion Strategies for Selected Products in Azerbaijan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan - TCP/SEC/3602 2020
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    Agriculture is a critical sector in the Caucuses and Central Asia (CCA). It is one of the largest generators of livelihoods in the region and is therefore integral to the development of economic and social stability. Since the dissolution of the former Soviet Union in 1991, the countries in the CCA have worked to establish trade flows and explore internationalmarkets to boost exports. Azerbaijan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan are three of the countries working towards this goal. All three have included the promotion of agri-food exports in their agriculture and rural development policies; however, major bottlenecks and constraints are found in production and export in these countries. One reason for this is the fact that agricultural production is dominated by very small farms, with their average size in Azerbaijan and Tajikistan being 2.8 ha and 0.1 ha, respectively. These small farms are not included in large value chains, and they frequently have poor logistical and transport infrastructure (e.g. cool-storage facilities). Many of them are land-locked and highly dependent on traditional markets (usually Russia). Diversifying export markets in general and ensuring smallholder inclusion in value chains to boost livelihoods are top prioritiesin these countries. This TCP project was designed to meet the requests of these the three targeted countries to develop export promotion strategies for a wider range of agricultural products beyond the traditional ones, and to develop local capacities to increase access to regional and international markets. This was to be done by supporting national government institutions and private sector stakeholders

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