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Conditional cash assistance to build resilience against water scarcity in the West Bank

Creating employment opportunities and enhancing adaptive capacities to recurrent drought within protracted crises









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    Conditional Cash Assistance to build resilience against water scarcity in the West Bank 2016
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    The West Bank is an arid or semi-arid land characterized by low precipitation with a large proportion of rainfall rapidly lost as surface runoff. While natural shocks like drought pose challenges to the already fragile water network, the protracted conflict in the region causes further difficulties by restricting access to available water resources. As a result, many farmers are unable to take full advantage of their agricultural lands. FAO has been supporting families dependent on agriculture i n the West Bank by supporting the construction of cisterns through conditional cash transfers and a step by step approach. This practice ensures access to water resources and consequently contributes to building more resilient livelihoods.
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    FAO-CIDA partnership - From responding to shocks to building resilience in the West Bank and Gaza Strip 2013
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    In the West Bank and Gaza Strip (WBGS), recurrent conflict and restrictions over natural resources, markets and services are depriving families of their basic needs for survival and placing their ability to cope under severe strain. Food security and livelihoods have been directly impacted by controls on the movement of people and goods; impediments to construction and infrastructure investment; confiscation of land and natural resources; and the direct destruction of homes, crops, livestock as sets and infrastructure. Unable to produce food or earn income, many are becoming dependent on external aid. Small-scale farmers, herders and fishers in the WBGS are among the hardest hit populations, despite the potential of agriculture to reduce reliance on imported food, minimize vulnerability to international price hikes and increase economic access to food by enhancing employment and income. The loss of Palestinian land, limited access to markets, destruction of key agricultural assets (i ncluding water resources), and the separation of farmers from their fields and fishers from the sea continue to sever the rural poor from their livelihood.
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    Portraits from the West Bank
    Stories of Palestinian aspirations
    2021
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    The agricultural sector in the West Bank and Gaza Strip remains one of the most resilient strategic sectors in the Palestinian economy. However, without optimal use and proper management of land and water resources and market opportunities, the sector cannot achieve its full potential. This project aims to ensure that agribusiness sustainably contributes to economic growth and to the welfare of the Palestinian people. The project seeks to address poor management and sub-optimal utilization of accessible water resources, high vulnerability to market fluctuations, constrained access of Palestinian produce by local and international markets, and weak business management and financial capacities of farmers’ cooperatives. To ensure ownership and sustainability of results, FAO is coordinating project activities through a participatory consultative process with the Palestinian Ministry of Agriculture, local NGOs, and other relevant stakeholders. The project is contributing to sustainably improved income and labor productivity in agribusiness, through five outputs. This publication will be distributed to donors and partners for the purpose of capturing the impact of the project interventions on beneficiaries and reflecting the success in improving their livelihoods.

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