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Agroforestry for climate change adaptation: A study from Siwalik, Makwanpur, Nepal

XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022









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    Socio-economic Survey EADD-MICCA Pilot Project in Kenya. Final report
    Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme Background Report 4
    2012
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    Working within FAO’s main efforts of sustainable food security, nutrition and productivity, the Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme‘s main goal is to help developing countries contribute to climate change mitigation in agriculture and move towards low‐carbon emission agriculture. In Kenya, the MICCA Programme, in collaboration with the East African Dairy Development Project (EADD), is focusing on introducing climate‐smart agriculture into the livestock sector. The objec tive of this socio‐economic survey is to collect data on current livelihoods and agricultural practices, and gain a greater knowledge about the impacts of climate change among small‐holder farmers in the project areas. The survey design should be utilized in the same way or adjusted as a tool to evaluate the outcomes and impacts on the socio‐economic situation of other MICCA Programme activities, such as capacity development and greenhouse gas assessments. In the survey, 357 households were visi ted by six enumerators in six locations at the Kaptumo EADD site. Focus groups and key informants were also interviewed. The households were selected randomly and are representative of the locations. The teamWorking within FAO’s main efforts of sustainable food security, nutrition and productivity, the Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme‘s main goal is to help developing countries contribute to climate change mitigation in agriculture and move towards low‐carbon emissio n agriculture. In Kenya, the MICCA Programme, in collaboration with the East African Dairy Development Project (EADD), is focusing on introducing climate‐smart agriculture into the livestock sector. The objective of this socio‐economic survey is to collect data on current livelihoods and agricultural practices, and gain a greater knowledge about the impacts of climate change among small‐holder farmers in the project areas. The survey design should be utilized in the same way or adjusted as a too l to evaluate the outcomes and impacts on the socio‐economic situation of other MICCA Programme activities, such as capacity development and greenhouse gas assessments. In the survey, 357 households were visited by six enumerators in six locations at the Kaptumo EADD site. Focus groups and key informants were also interviewed. The households were selected randomly and are representative of the locations. The team is aware of possible interviewer effects and other factors affecting the validity a nd reliability of data.
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    Scientific basis of household practices in agroforestry homegardens: A case study in Matara district, Sri Lanka
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Agroforestry in homegardens with high diversity of species which play main agro-ecological roles are complex and sustainable land use systems. Efforts are being made across the globe in valuing and protecting the age-old practices of agroforestry on scientific basis in homegardens. This study analysed the scientific basis of households’ practices in agroforestry homegardens in Matara district of Sri Lanka and develop strategies for the promotion of sustainable agroforestry homegardens. Selected households were interviewed measuring their concern using five point Likert scale, and analysed the qualitative data using non-parametric statistics. The study revealed that scientific basis of household practices in agroforestry homegardens are moderate in selection of appropriate trees and plants, and management of trees and plant health care. Households pay little concern on scientific basis in planning and site placement, land preparation and establishment of trees / crops, and implementing proper cultural practices. There is no significant correlation between scientific basis of practices in agroforestry in relation with size of home-gardens, educational level of households, and across the category of their occupations. Resources to use scientific knowledge in practice, and opportunity to improve scientific skills have moderate correlation significantly while availability of scientific information and access to scientific knowledge have significant but low correlation as applying knowledge on scientific basis by the households. The interest to acquire scientific knowledge, and sufficient time to improve scientific knowledge, and other reasons have no significant correlation with scientific basis of household practices. Carefully planned interventions including policy adjustments and effective extension programs for learning and experimenting couple with supportive programs would enhance scientific basis of household practices for agroforestry in homegardens. Key words: homegarden composition; plants selection; health-care management; resources use; agroforestry policy ID: 3620081
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    Farmer-managed natural regeneration (FMNR) on Nigeria's drylands: the influence of changing climate on agroforestry trees management
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    In Northern Nigeria, prolonged drought critically affects parkland tree regeneration and reduces land productivity and income. However, documentation of parkland trees management in extreme climatic conditions is scarce in the region. Hence, the need to evaluate the management via tree preferences by farmers on Nigeria’s dry agroecological zones (AEZ). To address this, field surveys were conducted in nine villages along a north-south transect, with precipitation increasing southwards through three AEZ of Nigeria: Sudan Savannah (SS), Northern Guinea Savannah (NGS) and Southern Guinea Savannah (SGS). Using Open Data Kit (ODK), information from 92 respondents and 4 focused groups relating to tree regeneration management were collected and aggregated. These include the abundance of the most preferred trees on farms, their regeneration potentials, management and propagation status, as well as usage and land-use constraints. Results showed drought- tolerant species (Parkia biglobosa and Mangifera indica) topped the dominant trees list across the three AEZ, both having 50% more than other agroforestry trees. Though farmers’ management strategies were highly relevant to regeneration and productivity, they did not differ across the zones (P<0.05) except at cropping outside tree canopy cover between SGS and SS using the Kruskal-Wallis test. Positive associations (0.5-0.8) between functions and preference for trees on farms for dominant agroforestry species. Farmers’ adaptation strategy to minimise risk to climate drivers and increase dry forests landscapes resilience made the driest AEZ (SS) had most species on farms and positively impacted the locals' livelihoods. Keywords: Trees, Drought, Farmers, Regeneration, Parklands ID: 3486501

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