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FAO’S work on climate change. Soils, Land and Water for climate change adaptation and mitigation









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    Soils help to combat and adapt to climate change by playing a key role in the carbon cycle 2015
    Healthy soils provide the largest store of terrestrial carbon. When managed sustainably, soils can play an important role in climate change mitigation by storing carbon (carbon sequestration) and decreasing greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere. Conversely, if soils are managed poorly or cultivated through unsustainable agricultural practices, soil carbon can be released into the atmosphere in the form of carbon dioxide (CO2), which can contribute to climate change. The steady conversion of grassland and forestland to cropland and grazing lands over the past several centuries has resulted in historic losses of soil carbon worldwide. However, by restoring degraded soils and adopting soil conservation practices, there is major potential to decrease the emission of greenhouse gases from agriculture, enhance carbon sequestration and build resilience to climate change.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Soils and climate change
    Soils: key to unlocking the potential of mitigating and adapting to climate change
    2016
    Soils constitute the largest store of terrestrial carbon. When managed using Sustainable Soil Management (SSM) techniques, soils can play an important role in climate change adaptation and mitigation and could enhance the provision of ecosystem services by storing carbon (carbon sequestration) and decreasing greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere. The poster contributes to the efforts of ending hunger, malnutrition, climate change adaptation, land degradation and overall sustainable developm ent while establishing a connection between Sustainable soil management and climate change mitigation and adaptation.
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    Forests and climate change - instruments related to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and their potential for sustainable forest management in Africa 2003
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    Forests play major roles in climate change. They contribute carbon emissions when destroyed or degraded and they suffer from changing climate, drought and extreme weather. Managed sustainably, they can provide a unique environmental service by removing excess carbon from the atmosphere, storing it in biomass, soils and products. In addition, sustainably produced wood fuels offer an environmentally benign alternative to fossil fuels. During the 7th Session of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in Marrakech, Morocco, in 2001, governments agreed on the final framework for implementing the Kyoto Protocol, which obligates industrialized countries to reduce their net greenhouse gas contribution by country-specific, fixed amounts.

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