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Safety at Sea - Safety Guide for Small Fishing Boats- BOBP/REP/112








Safety Guide for Small Fishing Boats, FAO/SIDA/IMO/BOBP-IGO, 2009, Pages 52.


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    Data compendium on safety at sea for seven West African countries: Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra-Leone and Cape Verde, 1991-1994 1995
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    Safety at sea, as the artisanal fisheries sector in general, has been neglected during decades. and policies were favouring industrial fisheries. Nevertheless, Goverments are now adopting a more realistic approach more in tune toward development, and more in agreement with the fishermen's needs. As a result, Senegal, Guinea and Cape Verde already have specific administrations dealing with safety at sea matters. With the exception of Senegal, Mauritania and Guinea, very few activities were real ized for the safety at sea in other countries. Therefore, the Department of Fisheries of seven countries of the sub-region; Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra-Leone and Cape Verde ; in cooperation with IDAF, engaged in a methodic data collection on safety at sea and related accidents occured during fishing and transport activities from 1991 to 1994.Each year, artisanal fishermen paid a heavy price for these accidents at sea. disasters repited themselves, startin g from a simple capsizing without any serious consequences up to a collision between small and big boats and final wrecking. Causes of accidents are plenty the wind and the wavesappears to be the most importants. This result with a lot of death and injured. One should not forget the value of the material lost which is for this survey estimated at 1,261. 449 US Dollars. The results published in the present analysis demonstrate not only the high importance of the accidents dues properly to sea wor king conditions, their frequency, but also the importance of human and material losses. The data analysed shows that 518 accidents were declared to the investigators during the field work. During those accidents, 340 peoples died and 285 were injured. This survey is not exhaustive, because it was observed that people remain better the death than injuries on board. It can be believed also that with the time passing, the declaration obtained from those accidents sometime occured more than four years ago, lack of precision. Among the main factors having contributed to the accidents of the artisanal sector in the sub-region, we obtained by decreasing order: The wind with 153 cases. The waves with 185 cases. The Innatention, 66 cases. Engine failure, 35 cases. Overload of the boats, 33 cases. Disorientation, 26 cases. Fog, 23 cases. Panic, 23 cases. Various factors contributed to the accidents, however, it was observed that about 32 %of the disasters are due to negligence of the u sers. Among the boats surveyed, thoses with length comprised inbetween 12 and 22 meters are the most concerned, with 274 units being the victim of an accident. Data analysis revealed that for the totality of the boats included in the survey, more than 72 % are motorised units, using occasionally paddles and/or sail as auxiliary means of propulsion. Nevertheless, generally speaking, where the engine is the main means of propulsion, it is common to see small canoes going fishing without emergenc y sail and without any paddle on board. A long term work must be considered throughout sensitization field work for safety at sea.A programme for training of trainers in safety at sea matters within the Direction of Fisheries of the countries concerned appears as a priority.
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    TRAINING MANUAL on the construction of FRP beach landing boats 2010
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    This manual on construction of fibreglass reinforced plastic (FRP) beach landing boats has been prepared primarily to assist small boatyards in Tamil Nadu, India that build beach landing fishing boats, but may also be used as a guide for making good quality FRP boats as well as for FRP training in the region. The manual should be seen as a supplement to FRP boatbuilding manuals available in the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and other international publ ications. It assumes prior knowledge of FRP hand lay-up processes and terms generally used in the industry. Recommendations on working conditions, materials and quality control are based on tropical ambient conditions and the type of boatyards likely to build such boats. Part I of the manual contains general information on FRP materials, handling and working conditions. Part II describes the building of a hull plug and a mould and Part III describes the building of a beach landing boat. Finally, Part IV contains information on manufacturing defects and repairs. The manual has four annexes that provide further information related to FRP boatbuilding. Annexes 1 and 2 contain a bibliography and a glossary, respectively. All drawings for the FAO IND-30 boat design are provided in Annex 3. Finally, Annex 4 contains the draft recommended construction standards for FRP fishing vessels. These standards are a part of the FAO/ILO/IMO Safety recommendations for decked fishing vessels of less than 12 m in length and undecked fishing vessels, which are currently under development.
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    Small Offshore Fishing Boats in Sri Lanka - BOBP/REP/61 1993
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    The Bay of Bengal Programme (BOBP) was invited in the early Eighties by the Shri Lankan Ministry of Fisheries to evaluate the offshore fisheries and the fishing craft being used in it. The evaluation was done by a consultant, O Gulbrandsen, Naval Architect. Subsequent to this evaluation, BOBP helped to develop and introduce two small multiday offshore fishing boats, the SRL-34 and the SRL-15. When Shri Lankan fishermen began fishing further offshore, more and more boats began to disappear a t sea. The BOBP was requested to provide assistance for studying the reasons for the disappearances and to help in making recommendations for the development of search-and-rescue facilities for the island’s fishermen. A consultant (U Hallberg) studied the facilities available and prepared a report which was submitted to the Ministry of Fisheries. Similarly, another consultant (E Dahle) studied the safety aspects of boat construction and prepared a draft of regulations for consideration by the Mi nistry. This report summarizes BOBP’s assistance provided in offshore fishing boat development and related safety-at-sea aspects. The work started under the SIDA funded project “Development of Small-scale Fisheries” GCP/RAS/040/SWE and was concluded under “Small-scale Fisherfolk Communities” GCP/RAS/l18/MUL funded jointly by DANIDA and SIDA.

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