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UNIDROIT/FAO/IFAD Legal Guide on Contract Farming

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    Legal aspects of contract farming agreements 2017
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    This document is primarily a synthesis of the UNIDROIT/FAO/IFAD Legal Guide on Contract Farming. It is a comprehensive document that considers contract farming from the viewpoint of private law and seeks to provide guidance concerning the design and implementation of sound contracts, thereby generally contributing to building a conducive environment for contract farming. The publication does not intend to cover all possible agricultural contracts. Its scope is limited to the bilateral relationsh ip between producer(s) and a contractor through contract farming. This involves parties entering into a contract that could be established for a fixed term, for one production cycle, for several or many cycles or years, or for an indefinite period. The document aims to provide advice to promote harmonious relations among all parties involved in contracts and those advising them.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Contract farming and the law: what do regulators need to know? 2017
    This brief aims to help regulators and policymakers to achieve a correct understanding of the legal aspects of contract farming (CF). It is based on information extracted from the Legal Guide on Contract Farming (UNIDROIT/FAO/IFAD, 2015), and from field experience in the implementation of contract farming projects by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
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    Book (series)
    Enabling regulatory frameworks for contract farming 2018
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    FAO’s previous contribution to the development of contract farming saw the publication in 2015 of the UNIDROIT/FAO/IFAD Legal Guide on Contract Farming, which focused on the bilateral relationship between an agricultural producer and a contractor. This Legislative Study develops that research and focuses on the regulatory frameworks for contract farming, aiming to highlight different possible approaches for different contexts. Responsible contract farming can be a powerful tool for small scale farmers in developing countries to move towards larger scalecommercial production. It can create economic wealth, contribute to supply chain efficiency through the production of higher quantities of better quality products, and contribute to achieving domestic food security objectives. Maximizing these benefits while minimizing the inherent risks of contract farming is reliant upon the forging of an enabling environment, a key part of which is the domestic regulatory framework. This Legislative Study provides guidance to domestic regulators and other interested readers on how to appraise and potentially reform domestic regulatory frameworks to achieve responsible contract farming. Recognising that different countries and contextual realties may benefit from different regulatory solutions, this Study provides several examples, supported by representative case studies, on how contract farming can be regulated, without promoting a single solution as the most appropriate. Please visit FAO’s Contract Farming Resource Centre,, which is a regularly updated website hosting a variety of material on contract farming both from FAO and from other recognized authors.

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