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Hygiene practice manual for radish sprouts production in Japan








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    Food Inspection System in Turkey and a short look to new developments 2001
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    Turkey, The Ministry of Health (MH) and The Ministry of Agriculture (MARA) share the responsibilities on food safety. Both Ministries have great role on food control area. The MH inspects the food production establishments to give the working license and also inspects the food sale and consumption places where the MARA inspects the food products which are produced in these production places and besides has the responsibility of import and export food control. The responsibilities of the two mini stries are given in the Main Food Law and supoorted by their own regulations. Within the harmonization process to European Union, the national legislation on food is being revised in some main topics such as offcial control of foodstuffs. The regulation of the MARA on Food Production, Consumption and Inspection of Foodstuffs, introduced HACCP principles and brought a new approach to food inspection system. In new plans for food control systems of the MH, hygiene codes in addition to HACCP s ystem is included to improve the current system. By this way more efficient and effective food control system is aimed to be achieved by the MH in Turkey within the cooperation of MARA.
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    Investigation System for Foodborne outbreaks in Japan 2002
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    Japan has prepared epidemiological investigation and reporting system for foodborne outbreaks at national basis according to the Food Sanitation Law. After the experience of large outbreaks of E. coli O157:H7 in 1996, new measures were taken in various field to further improve hygiene status in foods in Japan. Laws were amended, and new notices have been released. Strict hygiene practices have been introduced to abattoirs and meat processing plants, and long-term food saving program has been app lied to institutional cooking facilities. Once enterohemorrhagic E. coli or Salmonella is isolated, they are subjected to genetic or serological typing, which also helps epidemiological investigations. Development of treatment and diagnostic agents has also been encouraged.
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    Integrated Approaches to the Management of Food Safety throughout the Food Chain - The enter-net suveillance system 2001
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    Enter-net is the international network for the surveillance of human gastrointestinal infections, which monitors salmonellosis and Verocytotoxin producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) O157. It involves all 15 countries of the European Union, plus Switzerland and Norway and is funded by the European Commission. International travel and international trade in food play an important role in the occurrence of foodborne infections. Events in one country now have the potential to affect many others. A co-ordinated international response is required to control this threat. Through recognition of outbreaks and investigation, timely exchange of information between experts in different countries can lead to effective international public health action. Exchange of data internationally can help eliminate potential vehicles of infection allowing authorities to concentrate their resources more effectively. For instance, if a rise in infection occurs only in one country it is likely that the source is in that country and not a result of imported goods.

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