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Progress Report of FAO on the International Initiative for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Pollinators

COP-11. Hyderabad, India









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    Book (stand-alone)
    Pollination services for sustainable agriculture 2008
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    Pollinators are essential for orchard, horticultural and forage production, as well as the production of seed for many root and fibre crops. Pollinators such as bees, birds and bats affect 35 percent of the world’s crop production, increasing outputs of 87 of the leading food crops worldwide. Food security, food diversity, human nutrition and food prices all rely strongly on animal pollinators. The consequences of pollinator declines are likely to impact the production and costs of vitamin-rich crops like fruits and vegetables, leading to increasingly unbalanced diets and health problems. Maintaining and increasing yields in horticultural crops under agricultural development is critically important to health, nutrition, food security and better farm incomes for poor farmers. In the past, pollination has been provided by nature at no explicit cost to human communities. As farm fields have become larger, and the use of agricultural chemicals has increased, mounting evidence points to a p otentially serious decline in populations of pollinators under agricultural development.
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    FAO and EU Food Facility. Ex-Post Economic Impact Assessment 2012
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    In 2007-2008, agriculture commodity prices skyrocketed worldwide. The 2009 financial crisis extended the global recession. As of 2012, prices continue to remain higher than at pre-crisis levels and trends are marked by volatility. These shocks have had both short- and long-term adverse affects on the earning capacity and prospects of the poor, especially net food buyers. The combined effect of the high food prices and the global financial crisis of 2009 have driven an estimated 105 million peopl e into hunger and malnutrition. Although the effects have been pronounced in urban areas, of the 1.1 billion people living in poverty, an estimated 70 percent reside in rural areas and depend on the productivity of ecosystems for their livelihoods1. Many of these rural poor are smallholder farmers whose opportunities to benefit from higher food prices are constrained by a lack of access to inputs, such as improved and quality seeds, chemicals, fertilizers and adequate mechanization, as well as a ppropriate technical advice and access to markets. The European Union (EU) allocated EUR 1 billion for a food price crisis response facility to deliver emergency assistance in a manner that would provide immediate relief for those adversely affected by high food prices and improve the capacities of vulnerable rural people to: (i) increase agricultural productivity; (ii) generate more income; and (iii) secure livelihoods against future food price shocks. The idea was to support effective transiti ons between humanitarian action and development processes, focusing on programmes that would have both a rapid and lasting impact on food security.
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    Pollinators 2019
    Disappearing pollinators can mean losing some of the nutritious food we need for a healthy diet. The decline of pollinators could have disastrous effects for our future of food. Their absence would jeopardize the three-quarters of the world’s crops that depend at least in part on pollination, including apples, avocadoes, pears and pumpkins. And enhancing pollination isn’t just about mitigating disaster – with improved management, pollination has the potential to increase agricultural yields and quality. Pollinators also play a crucial role in maintaining and enhancing biodiversity thus improving the resilience of plants to climate change and other environmental threats.

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