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FAO´s role in supporting the implementation of the Comprehensive Rural Reform for the realization of peace in Colombia








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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Colombia Peace Support
    Implementing Colombia’s Peace Accord and Comprehensive Rural Reform at local level
    2019
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    More than 50 years of conflict left Colombia struggling with violence, a lack of services and infrastructure, millions of displaced people and high levels of poverty. Fostering inclusive economic growth in rural areas is critical to tackling sources of conflict. The first goal of Colombia’s Peace Accord is a Comprehensive Rural Reform to improve food security, income, job opportunities and social cohesion, as well as governance of land tenure and other natural resources. FAO is supporting the Colombian government in implementing the peace deal, but there are challenges in rural areas, where there is little institutional reach. This programme will support and strengthen rural institutions, helping deliver on rural development for the poorest, which is vital to the peace process.
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    Project
    Strengthening non-State Mechanisms for Land Tenure in Darfur to Achieve Peaceful and Sustainable Development - GCP/SUD/074/EC 2022
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    Land ownership and rights to tenure and utilization of resources have been at the core of conflict in Darfur for decades. The formalization of the land laws in the 1970s, in which all unregistered land became the property of the state, ignored the traditional systems in place for centuries and weakened the native administration that governed land use. The violent conflict that arose in 2003 displaced a large number of rural communities and the newly vacated land was often occupied, and in places resettled, by nomadic groups. The subsequent peace deals, both the Darfur Peace Agreement and the subsequent Doha Document for Peace in Darfur, recognized the importance of not only returning the land to the original owners, but of developing a system of land tenure that secures the land use for future generations in an equitable manner. Such a system should acknowledge and incorporate the informal traditions within the formal registration system. Against this background, this European Union funded FAO project aimed to strengthen non state mechanisms for land tenure to achieve peaceful and sustainable development, and to support the Government of Sudan to reform its land laws to develop practical solutions to secure access to crop land and livestock routes, among others.
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    Document
    Plan of Action for North Sudan. Emergency response and rehabilitation for food and agriculture August 2010 – August 2012 2010
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    After decades of civil conflict and associated political instability, populations throughout North Sudan have seen their livelihoods and production capacity eroded and their ability to cope with human-induced and recurrent natural disasters (floods, droughts, outbreaks of livestock diseases) worn away. There have been considerable efforts to respond to the protracted crisis, with the international humanitarian response reaching USD 1.3 billion in 2009. Despite this, millions of people continue t o face severe and chronic food insecurity. With between 60 and 80 percent of the working-age population relying on agriculture to meet their food and income needs, the sector’s importance to economic recovery and the consolidation of peace in North Sudan cannot be underestimated. In this Plan of Action (PoA), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) outlines its emergency and rehabilitation programme for North Sudan in 2010–12. It does not include FAO’s long-term develop ment programme, but is designed to complement the Organization’s ongoing development activities, as well as the interventions of United Nations agencies, Government and other partners which aim to mitigate the effects of recurrent crises while addressing their root causes. The programme relies heavily on a disaster risk management approach to the complex situation in North Sudan. This approach focuses on emergency relief, such as replacing lost assets or restoring livelihoods, as well as on earl y efforts as part of risk reduction that protect and sustain livelihoods. Such interventions can often be more effective than those delayed until people are in crisis. Given the complex and protracted nature of the crisis in North Sudan, FAO’s relief and recovery programming is enhanced by interventions that not only restore, but also protect and promote livelihoods in food and agriculture. Thus, the overall purpose of the PoA for North Sudan is to improve preparedness and to make short-term res ponses in food and agriculture more effective. The proposed priorities in this PoA will help FAO, its counterparts and partners to meet shortterm needs in ways that strengthen the resilience of communities and lead to more effective and longer-term recovery. The approach is reflected in the six key areas of focus as proposed in this PoA, based on an analysis of the current situation, the main factors triggering food insecurity and assessments identifying and targeting vulnerable groups. These ar e: (i) dwindling agricultural production; (ii) reduced livestock production and productivity; (iii) the adverse effect of climate change and the conflicts created over the use of scarce natural resources and longer-term issues such as land access; (iv) economic factors that affect the livelihoods of the various groups, as well as the creation of alternative livelihood resources; (v) the need for institutional strengthening; and (vi) coordination of the international community and the assistance provided. The above priorities have been expanded into twelve sectoral programmes that detail activities to be implemented by FAO in North Sudan to achieve expected outcomes and address the specific needs identified in three regions: (i) Greater Darfur (comprising North, South and West Darfur); (ii) the Transitional Areas (Abyei, Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan); and (iii) Eastern Sudan (Gedaref, Kassala and Red Sea states). The total budget for the PoA 2010–2012 is USD 45 056 468. The PoA signa ls FAO’s adoption of a more programmatic approach in its emergency and rehabilitation activities in North Sudan. The document has used a programme cycle management approach to present the situation analysis, planned response and monitoring and evaluation framework. Through this PoA and other efforts, FAO is attempting to build greater programmatic coherence with internal and external partners, in line with national food security plans and related strategy and United Nations system programming fr amework. Fundamentally, this PoA is a dynamic programming tool that may need to be adjusted, according to contingency plans, when and as the food security situation evolves in North Sudan.

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