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Biodiversity Integrated Assessment and Computation Tool | B-INTACT

Mainstreaming biodiversity impacts into agricultural investments and policies











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    Book (stand-alone)
    Biodiversity Integrated Assessment and Computation Tool | B-INTACT – Guidelines 2020
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    Biodiversity loss is accelerating at an unprecedented rate across the planet putting a great number of species on the brink of extinction. A decline in the plants, animals and micro-organisms threatens food security, sustainable development and the supply of vital ecosystem services. In order to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda, there is an urgent need to take action to halt biodiversity loss and consequently ecosystem degradation. Since the introduction of the Aichi targets, released by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 2010, the United Nations have been empowered with greater influence on decision-making impacting biodiversity. However, there was an urgent need for an easy-to-use tool to rapidly, yet effectively assess the impact on biodiversity posed by projects, programmes and policies. As a timely response, the EX-ACT team from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has developed the Biodiversity Integrated Assessment and Computation Tool (B-INTACT). B-INTACT uniquely seeks to extend the scope of environmental assessments to capture biodiversity concerns, which are not accounted for in conventional carbon pricing. The tool is designed for users ranging from national investment banks, international financial institutions and policy decision-makers, and allows for a thorough biodiversity assessment of project-level activities in the Agriculture, Forestry and Land Use (AFOLU) sector while maintaining the logic of the EX-ACT model.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Biodiversity Integrated Assessment and Computation Tool | B-INTACT – Guidelines
    Second edition
    2021
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    Biodiversity loss is accelerating at an unprecedented rate across the planet putting a great number of species on the brink of extinction. A decline in the plants, animals, and microorganisms threatens food security, sustainable development, and the supply of vital ecosystem services. In order to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda, there is an urgent need to take action to halt biodiversity loss and consequently ecosystem degradation. Since the introduction of the Aichi targets, released by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 2010, the United Nations have been empowered with greater influence on decision-making impacting biodiversity. However, there was an urgent need for an easy-to-use tool to rapidly, yet effectively assess the impact on biodiversity posed by projects, programmes, and policies. As a timely response, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has developed the Biodiversity Integrated Assessment and Computation Tool (B-INTACT). B-INTACT extends the scope of environmental assessments to capture biodiversity concerns, which are not accounted for in conventional carbon pricing. The tool is designed for users ranging from national investment banks, international financial institutions and policy decision-makers, and allows for a thorough biodiversity assessment of project-level activities in the Agriculture, Forestry and Land Use (AFOLU) sector. The second version of the guidelines includes additional information on how to use B-INTACT together with FAO's Earthmap platform and the Ecosystem Service Valuation Database.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Technical guide for the Adaptation, Biodiversity and Carbon Mapping Tool
    ABC-Map
    2023
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    ABC-Map was designed with the specific objective of holistically assessing the environmental impacts of national policies, plans and investments in the agriculture, forestry and other land use (AFOLU) sector through Google Earth-based satellite imagery. ABC-Map helps to develop synergies and trade-offs between climate, biodiversity and land restoration actions. The Adaptation section helps to understand exposure to climate change risks and to assess climate change over time in a given area. It includes a climate and geophysical profile with, for example, information on temperature and precipitation trends over the past 40 years. The Biodiversity section covers a series of indicators that are intended to complement each other and provide a more comprehensive view of pressures and impacts on biodiversity. These indicators are average species abundance, land use change in protected areas and key biodiversity areas, and natural capital. The Carbon section aims to account for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the AFOLU sector and work towards their reduction. The Carbon section is similar to the Nationally Determined Contributions Expert Tool (NEXT), it takes into account the evolution of the carbon stock, the carbon balance and the social value of carbon. The overall objective of this technical manual is to provide users with (i) the detailed structure of ABC-Map, (ii) its methodological background, and (iii) the different data and factors used such as emission factors and default carbon stock values, reference values from ESVD, GLOBIO, climate and geophysical datasets among others.

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