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Regional collaboration is crucial to combat wheat rust diseases in Central and West Asia











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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Stories of change - How to combat wheat rust diseases in Central and West Asia and North Africa: developing synergies and countries’ capacities 2019
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    Wheat rust diseases pose a serious threat to food security around the world. The wheat-producing countries in Central and West Asia and North Africa (CWANA) are particularly vulnerable to these diseases because new races frequently appear. Without continuous surveillance to ensure effective monitoring and disease control, CWANA countries may face substantial grain yield losses. In collaboration with the International Centre for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), FAO has facilitated trainings on surveillance, race analysis and management of wheat rust diseases at the Regional Cereal Rust Research Center in Izmir, Turkey. In the last three years, over 50 national officers from Azerbaijan, Iraq, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Morocco, Tajikistan, Turkey and Uzbekistan have been trained. Rola El Amil, an Associate Researcher from the Lebanese Agricultural Research Institute (LARI),  was among the trainees who attended the training course in 2018. Together with her peers, she was trained in the management and surveillance of rust diseases and race analysis, especially regarding yellow rust.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    FAO Wheat Rust Diseases Global Programme 2014–2017
    Strengthening capacities and promoting collaboration to prevent wheat rust epidemics
    2014
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    Wheat is a source of food and livelihoods for over 1 billion people in developing countries. A major staple food crop in many countries, it is an important source of nutrition, providing on average 40 percent of per capita calorie intake. Drought, floods and diseases severely affect wheat production. Exacerbated by climatic stress, especially in rainfed areas, the impact of wheat diseases is expected to increase. During the past decade a number of virulent strains of wheat rust diseases have eme rged, causing global concerns to wheat production. The wheat stem rust race Ug99 is highly virulent on the majority of world wheat varieties – the risk that it could cause a global epidemic is real. Ug99 is well established in East Africa and Yemen and has spread to the Islamic Republic of Iran. In 2010 and 2013, a new, virulent strain of yellow rust, Yr27, has caused severe outbreaks and losses in many countries in North and East Africa, the Near East and South Asia. Due to ever changing geneti cs of these pathogens they need to be monitored continuously. Wheat production in Northern and Eastern Africa, the Near East and West, Central and South Asia is vulnerable to rust diseases. These regions account for around 37 percent of global wheat production. The cost of a 10 percent loss in areas at risk is estimated to exceed USD 5.8 billion. The impact on food and nutrition security is estimable. To combat wheat rust diseases continuous surveillance as well as a programmatic management appr oach are essential.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Combatting wheat rust diseases
    Strengthening national capacities and international collaboration
    2017
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    Wheat is the most widely grown crop globally and a source of food and livelihoods for over 1 billion people in many developing countries. Rust diseases are historically the most damaging diseases of wheat. Their frequency, extent and impact has increased significantly in the last two decades causing global concerns. Their high capacity of developing new races makes most wheat varieties vulnerable to them. FAO is continuously re-enforcing its collaboration with partners to enhance countries’ capa cities in prevention and preparedness to rust diseases.

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