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A study on the forest policy for human health and well-being : Focusing on the case of forest welfare policy in Korea

XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022










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    System and characteristics of forest trail in South Korea
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    As an improvement in the national income and leisure time drives more people to visit the forest trail for the purpose of recreation. One of the representative characteristics of establishment of forest trail in South Korea is that it focuses on the Baekdudaegan, which is the ridgelines of Korean Peninsula and ranges from Mt. Baekdu to Mt. Jiri, and Jeongmaek which is the continuous ridgelines of Baekdudaegan over 100km. The Sangyeongpyo, which is a traditional classification system of Korean Peninsula, demonstrates the concepts of Baekdudaegan in Korean Peninsula and Jeongmaek. However, only South Korea section of Baekdudaegan is available to walk on due to the situation of Korean Peninsula despite that it ranges between the entire Korean Peninsula. The total length of forest trail placed on the South Korea section of Baekdudaegan and the 9 sections of Jeongmaek is 701 km and 2,154 km, respectively. ‘Forest cultural recreation Act’ defines the Korean forest trail as a walkway established on the forest for the activities such as hiking, tracking, leisure sports, visit or recreation, healing. In the past, the most of Korean forest trail provided the basic vertical hiking culture based on Baekdudaegan mountain system. However, as the increase in recreational activities and needs for different activities in forest trail raised recently, the use type of forest trail has ranged from enjoying the surrounding area of mountain to leisure sports, healing and enjoying the scenery. Based on the change in the use type of forest trail, in 2011, the Act specified the concepts of forest trail into 6 types such as trails for hiking, tracking, forest leisure sports, visit or recreation, healing. 10 thousand forest trails in total are currently established in Korea and their length sum up to 40 thousand km. 93.5% of these trails are for hiking and they occupy 81.8% of the total length of all forest trail in South Korea. Keywords: Human health and well-being ID: 3484927
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    Effects of forest experience activities on the change of happiness and nature-friendly attitudes on young children
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Nowadays, environmental damage has reached a serious state due to urbanization and industrialization, and with rapid economic growth based on capitalism, infants are gradually moving away from nature and living in artificial structures. They have been suffering from physical, mental stress and psychological disabilities since infancy due to various problems such as parents' high intellectual desire, changes in family members, and collapse of family. The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychological effects of the forest experience activities of 10 sessions (one time a week/2 hours) for young children. Forty infants (6 to 7 years old) participated in the forest experience activities (10 sessions, once a week/2 hours, a total of 10 weeks) held at the National Center for Forest Education, Daejeon (Korea). To examine the psychological effects before and after the participation, the happiness (parent relationships, peer relationships, cognition and achievement, immersion, spirituality, emotion, health, life satisfaction) and nature-friendly attitudes of the children (interest and affection for animals and plants, respect for life, preference for the natural environment, protection of nature) were measured. As a result of analyzing psychological indicators, all nine sub-factors of infant happiness improved, and overall infant happiness increased statistically significantly from 85.12 before participation to 99.91 after participation. In the case of nature-friendly attitudes, the nature protection item improved statistically significantly from 9.50 before participation to 11.42 after participation. It was confirmed that the 10 sessions forest experience activities were effective in enhancing the happiness of infants and improving the nature protection item of nature-friendly attitudes. Therefore, forest experience activities can be usefully utilized as a method of psychological health care for infants. Keywords: Human health and well-being ID: 3481876
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    Analysis of the phytoncide emission trend in Saneum Recreation Forest
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Exposed to extreme stress, more and more people turn their eyes on forest therapy. Phytoncide which is the key to forest healing also draws attention, but the lack of related research data leads to difficulty in utilizing them to create recreational forests and programs. Reasons why it is difficult to conduct studies on phytoncide emission are that there are many variations including weather conditions, forest conditions, and land status, and in many cases constant tendency cannot be found. Short-term or temporary studies have been conducted so far. As a result, it is not easy to read the emission trend of phytoncide depending on changes in four seasons.
    This study analyzed the change in phytoncide concentration by sampling forest air by type of forests, month, and hour for one year in Saneum Recreation Forest. Moreover, the correlation with phytoncide concentration was analyzed, facilitating climate factors at the time of measurement such as temperature, humidity and wind speed. It is expected that this study which examined the phytoncide emission trend will provide information of forest therapy and help to develop forest healing programs. Keywords: Human health and well-being ID: 3622891

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