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ISPM 36 种植用植物综合措施







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    Book (series)
    ISPM 5. 식 물 위 생 용 어 집 Glossary fo rPhytosanitary Terms 2012
    이 참고기준 목적은 공식적인 정보교환뿐만 아니라,공식적인 식물위생 목적을 위하여 체약국이 용어와 정의에 대한 사용과 이해 그리고 식물위생 법규와 규정에서의 명확성과 일관성을 증진시키는 것이다.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Regional status of pest surveillance in the context of ISPM No. 6: International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures – Guidelines for Pest Surveillance
    Analysis of the responses to the Implementation Review and Support System (IRSS) questionnaire from APPPC countries
    2012
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    An fundamental activity of national plant protection organizations is to conduct pest surveillance. For the purpose of international trade, the results of pest surveillance provide the basis for pest listing, identification of pest status, pest categorization and the conduct of pest risk analyses. In 1997, the International Plant Protection Convention issued the International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPM) No. 6: Guidelines for surveillance to assist national organizations in the imp lementation of this critical activity. In 2011, it was decided to review these guidelines and identify challenges faced by the contracting parties for implementation, as well as identify resources for resolving those challenges. At the request of the Standards Committee of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC), the Implementation Review and Support System will catalogue the challenges faced and make recommendations to the review panel of ISPM No. 6 on ways to improve the standard. It will also gather examples of best practices globally so that appropriate training materials and manuals might be prepared under the capacity development programme of the IPPC. For the purpose of this review, a questionnaire was developed and distributed among national plant protection organizations. Seventeen countries from Asia and the Pacific region responded to this call and completed the questionnaire, composed of three parts: the questionnaire, technical resources and best practices. Th e results from the survey were compiled and analyzed, and are presented in this publication, which reflects the current status of pest surveillance in the region. Conclusions and recommendations are included in the report.
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    Document
    DP 9: 按实蝇属(Anastrepha Schiner. ISPM 27 附件 9. ISPM 27 诊断规程 国际植物检疫措施标准 2016
    实蝇科(Tephritidae)包含约 500 个属 4 450 个种(Norrbom 等,1999a,1999b;Norrbom,2004b)(2014 年该数字是大约 4 700 个种 (A.L. Norrbom,个人通讯, 2014) )。实蝇科在世界范围内广泛分布于温带、热带和亚热带地区。按实蝇属(Anastrepha Schiner)(实蝇科:长尾实蝇族 (Toxotrypanini) )是美洲实蝇科中最大的一个属,代表性的种超过 250 个,从美国南部(德克萨斯和佛罗里达)到阿根廷北部之间都有发生(Hernández-Ortiz,1992;Foote 等,1993;Hernández-Ortiz 和 Aluja, 1993;Norrbom,2004b;Norrbom 等,2012)。因对受其危害的栽培水果(例如芒果和柑橘)高度重要且其寄主范围广泛,至少有 7 种按实蝇被认为是重大的经济害虫。这 7 种是南美按实蝇(A. fraterculus (Wiedemann) )、南美瓜按实蝇(A. grandis (Macquart) )、墨西哥按实蝇(A. ludens (Loe w) )、西印度按实蝇(A. obliqua (Macquart) )、暗色实蝇(A. serpentina (Wiedemann) )、美洲番石榴按实蝇(A. striata Schiner),以及加勒比按实蝇(A. suspensa (Loew) )。南美按实蝇被认为是一个隐存复合种(Hernández-Ortiz 等,2004,2012;Selivon 等,2004, 2005;Vera 等,2006;Cáceres 等,2009)。本按实蝇诊断规程涵盖了该属及其中具有重大经济重要性的种的形态学鉴定。有关实蝇科各种实蝇更详细的一般信息,参看 Norrbom(2010)。

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