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Good Practices for Hazard Risk Management in Agriculture. Summary Report Jamaica








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    Project
    Good practice examples for disaster risk reduction in Cuban Agriculture
    Final project report - Assistance to Improve Local Agricultural Emergency Preparedness
    2009
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    The vulnerability of the Caribbean region to hydro- meteorological hazards such as hurricanes, floods, drought, high magnitude rainfall and related hazards such landslides is underscored. The recurrent impacts of these events have wreaked havoc on environment, economy and society throughout the region. Although the contribution of agriculture to Caribbean regional Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has steadily declined over the last two decades, this sector has remained a major employer of labour and as such a main player in the livelihood profile of the region. The extreme vulnerability of the agricultural sector to a variety of hazards/disaster has been a perpetual focus of hazard/disaster management and interventions in the Caribbean. Over the past decade, the FAO has regular responded to the relief/rehabilitation/reconstruction needs of the sector in the aftermath of hurricane-related disasters. While such response and rehabilitation interventions are important, the extent of devastation caused to the agricultural sector by the 2004-2005 hurricane seasons stresses the need to move from a reactive to a proactive mode in order to facilitate more long term and sustainable benefits form interventions. It is in recognition of the immense negative impact of the 2004 hurricane season on the agricultural landscape of the Caribbean region and in response to the urgent call for assistant from regional policy makers, that the FAO funded the regional project Assistance to improve local agricultural emergency preparedness in Caribbean countries highly prone to hydro-meteorological hazards/disasters.
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    Project
    Assistance to Improve Local Agricultural Emergency Preparedness in Caribbean Countries Highly Prone to Hydro- meteorological Disasters - Jamaica
    Project: Assistance to improve local agricultural emergency preparedness in Caribbean countries highly prone to hydro-meteorological hazards/disasters.
    2007
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    The vulnerability of the Caribbean region to hydro- meteorological hazards such as hurricanes, floods, drought, high magnitude rainfall and related hazards such landslides is underscored. The recurrent impacts of these events have wreaked havoc on environment, economy and society throughout the region. Although the contribution of agriculture to Caribbean regional GDP has steadily declined over the last two decades, this sector has remained a major employer of labour and as such a main player in the livelihood profile of the region. The extreme vulnerability of the agricultural sector to a variety of hazards/disaster has been a perpetual focus of hazard/disaster management and interventions in the Caribbean. Over the past decade, FAO has regular responded to the relief/rehabilitation/reconstruction needs of the sector in the aftermath of hurricane-related disasters. While such response and rehabilitation interventions are important, the extent of devastation caused to the agricultural sector by the 2004-2005 hurricane season stresses the need to move from a reactive to a proactive mode in order to facilitate more long term and sustainable benefits form interventions.
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    Project
    Assessing Good Practices at Community Level toMitigate Natural Hazard Impacts on Agriculture
    Interim findings and lessons from a pilot project in Haiti - TCP/RLA/3101
    2007
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    Haiti is an agro-based economy whose general livelihood systems have been seriously affected by recurrent onslaught of weather-related disasters resulting in 18,441 killed, 4,708 injured and 131,968 homeless, 6,376,536 affected and economic damages for 4.6 billion US $ over the 21st century. Particular physiographic characteristics - semiarid tropical climate, rough and mountainous terrain - and the combined interplay of environmental degradation with extreme socio-economic conditions in the form of poverty, illiteracy, inefficient land use systems and governance problems, have made the country increasingly vulnerable. In 2004 alone, a very active cyclonic year, hurricanes Ivan and Jeanne resulted in 320,852 affected, of which 2,757 killed, as well as heavy material losses. Such extensive damages combined with the vulnerability of small farmers, lessons learnt from a number of FAO emergency and rehabilitation projects and critical gaps in disaster and risk managemen t strategies eventually oriented FAO towards a more proactive approach. Within this framework, the FAO funded the regional TCP “Assistance to improve Local Agricultural Emergency Preparedness in Caribbean countries highly prone to hurricane related disasters” in Cuba, Grenada, Haiti and Jamaica to “assist governments of participating countries to support the food security of small farmers operating in the most hazard prone areas by improving institutional frameworks and technical opt ions for hurricane-related disaster preparedness, emergency response and post-emergency agricultural assistance”. The proposed approach was to use a Participatory Rural Appraisal - PRA/based qualitative research paradigm.

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