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Support of the Netherlands to Capacity Building in Developing Countries









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    Appui des Pays-Bas au renforcement des capacités dans les pays en développement 2002
    Le début du présent document contenait une analyse de la mondialisation et de la libéralisation. Je suis parti du principe que la mondialisation était un processus irréversible, fait dont l'appui au renforcement des capacités devait par conséquent tenir compte. Il en va de même pour la libéralisation. En 1995, l'agriculture a été incluse dans les accords sur le commerce international, pour la première fois depuis la signature de l'Accord général sur les tarifs douaniers et le commerce (GATT ) après la deuxième guerre mondiale. Les accords de l'OMC prévoient un système réglementant le commerce des produits agricoles. Toute sortes de mesures de contrôle quantitatif aux frontières se sont traduites par des tarifs douaniers, et les responsables des politiques ont par la suite décidé d'abaisser ces tarifs douaniers dans le monde entier. Ce système dont l'efficacité est unanimement reconnue dans le monde ne devrait pas être abandonné. Toutefois, il faudra accorder une attention particuli ère aux mesures de contrôle qualitatif aux frontières. C'est précisément là que l'appui au renforcement des capacités entre en jeu.
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    The WHO International Health Regulations and the promotion of Food Safety in International Trade 2001
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    This paper discusses: New food safety challenges posed by the growth of the international food trade, Public health implications of the World Trade Organizations's (WTO) Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS), and The role of the World Health Organization's (WHO) International Health Regulation's (IHR) in promoting food safety. The paper reviews various shortcomings of the current leading international agreement in the area of food safety and trade - the WTO SPS agreeme nt - and states that the globalization of the food industry necessitates not only reform of an international trade agreement that protects business interests, but also an international food safety agreement to protect consumer interests. This paper concludes that this need could be served by supporting the revision of the WHO IHRs as they apply to food in international trade. The paper recommends that developed countries should provide the WHO with extra-budgetary resources to promptly complete this effort. Such steps will help restore public confidence in the safety of the food supply and promote further steps towards trade liberalization in the food sector. Such steps will thus benefit producers as well as consumers.
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    Rapid Alert System for Food in the European Union and its Possible Extension to Other Countries or Organisations
    Conference Room Document proposed by the European Community
    2002
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    The globalisation of trade in foodstuffs is accelerating as tariff and non-tariff barriers are removed. It is particulary the case in the European Union where the creation of a single market has allowed food to circulate freely throughout the fifteen Member States. The abolition of health controls within the Community's internal borders has given rise to a need for instruments to deal with situations where dangerous products could circulate without any controls. The creation of a rapid alert sys tem is one of these instruments.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Meeting
    Appui des Pays-Bas au renforcement des capacités dans les pays en développement 2002
    Le début du présent document contenait une analyse de la mondialisation et de la libéralisation. Je suis parti du principe que la mondialisation était un processus irréversible, fait dont l'appui au renforcement des capacités devait par conséquent tenir compte. Il en va de même pour la libéralisation. En 1995, l'agriculture a été incluse dans les accords sur le commerce international, pour la première fois depuis la signature de l'Accord général sur les tarifs douaniers et le commerce (GATT ) après la deuxième guerre mondiale. Les accords de l'OMC prévoient un système réglementant le commerce des produits agricoles. Toute sortes de mesures de contrôle quantitatif aux frontières se sont traduites par des tarifs douaniers, et les responsables des politiques ont par la suite décidé d'abaisser ces tarifs douaniers dans le monde entier. Ce système dont l'efficacité est unanimement reconnue dans le monde ne devrait pas être abandonné. Toutefois, il faudra accorder une attention particuli ère aux mesures de contrôle qualitatif aux frontières. C'est précisément là que l'appui au renforcement des capacités entre en jeu.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Meeting
    The WHO International Health Regulations and the promotion of Food Safety in International Trade 2001
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    This paper discusses: New food safety challenges posed by the growth of the international food trade, Public health implications of the World Trade Organizations's (WTO) Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS), and The role of the World Health Organization's (WHO) International Health Regulation's (IHR) in promoting food safety. The paper reviews various shortcomings of the current leading international agreement in the area of food safety and trade - the WTO SPS agreeme nt - and states that the globalization of the food industry necessitates not only reform of an international trade agreement that protects business interests, but also an international food safety agreement to protect consumer interests. This paper concludes that this need could be served by supporting the revision of the WHO IHRs as they apply to food in international trade. The paper recommends that developed countries should provide the WHO with extra-budgetary resources to promptly complete this effort. Such steps will help restore public confidence in the safety of the food supply and promote further steps towards trade liberalization in the food sector. Such steps will thus benefit producers as well as consumers.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Meeting
    Rapid Alert System for Food in the European Union and its Possible Extension to Other Countries or Organisations
    Conference Room Document proposed by the European Community
    2002
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    The globalisation of trade in foodstuffs is accelerating as tariff and non-tariff barriers are removed. It is particulary the case in the European Union where the creation of a single market has allowed food to circulate freely throughout the fifteen Member States. The abolition of health controls within the Community's internal borders has given rise to a need for instruments to deal with situations where dangerous products could circulate without any controls. The creation of a rapid alert sys tem is one of these instruments.

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