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Guidance note: Addressing the impact of COVID-19 on the Global Action for Fall Armyworm Control











​FAO. 2020. Guidance note: Addressing the impact of COVID-19 on the Global Action for Fall Armyworm Control. Rome.



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    Book (stand-alone)
    The Global Action for Fall Armyworm Control: Action framework 2020–2022
    Working together to tame the global threat
    2020
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    Fall armyworm (FAW), or Spodoptera frugiperda, is a plant pest originating in the tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas. Over the last few years, FAW has rapidly spread around Africa, Asia and and, most recently, Oceania. Concerted action is essential to prevent this pest from threatening the food security and livelihoods of millions of smallholder farmers. FAO’s new initiative, the Global Action for Fall Armyworm Control, aims to mobilize USD 500 million over three years, from 2020 to 2022, for radical, direct and coordinated measures to strengthen monitoring and pest control capacities at global level. FAO developed its Global Action to improve food security and the livelihoods of millions of smallholder farmers, and reduce environmental pollution through sustainable management and control of FAW. To achieve this, the Global Action will ensure a strong, coordinated approach at country, regional and global levels to massively scale up current worldwide efforts against FAW through multiple mechanisms, such as Farmer Field Schools, partnerships with research institutions and the private sector, South–South Cooperation, regional and national plant protection organizations, and specific national FAW task forces. The Global Action has three key objectives: 1. enhance global, regional, national and farmer-level coordination and collaboration on FAW control, leading to implementation of ecosystem-friendly Integrated Pest Management (IPM) practices and policies; 2. reduce crop yield losses caused by FAW; and 3. reduce the risk of further spread of FAW to new areas.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Technical guidance on fall armyworm
    Coordinated surveillance and an early warning system for the sustainable management of transboundary pests, with special reference to fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda [J.E. Smith]) in South and Southeast Asia
    2022
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    Worldwide, maize is the third most important cereal after rice and wheat. It occupies 197 million hectares of planted area. Asia contributes to nearly 30 percent of global maize supplies, and area and production of the crop is rapidly increasing in the continent. Minimum support prices, swelling market demand from the animal feed and processing industries, as well as human consumption, have all led to increased maize production in zones where precipitation limits rice cultivation. However, maize production is currently threatened by the arrival in Asia (in 2018) of the fall armyworm (FAW), Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) – a native to North America. It invaded India in 2018 and since then it has marched to most of the Asian countries. In 2019, its presence was confirmed in 13 Asian countries including Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, the Philippines, the Republic of Korea, Sri Lanka, and Viet Nam. In 2020, it was confirmed in Australia, Timor-Leste and Papua New Guinea. In August 2021, it reached the Solomon Islands, posing a serious threat to other Pacific islands. FAW is a fast-dispersing, migratory, transboundary insect pest. While high FAW incidences have been reported on several crops in Asia, the most important economic damage caused is to maize (followed by sorghum). The FAW invasion threatens the food security of millions of family farms in Asia, with smallholder farmers being especially vulnerable. The negative economic impact of FAW is not only evident in yield loss: the pest also leads to a significant increase in insecticide applications, with associated health, environmental and cost issues. At the same time, resilience to FAW on the continent is currently weakened by the limited access to necessary tools, technologies and sustainable integrated pest management (IPM) practices for FAW. Thus, there is an urgent need to implement an effective approach to FAW management in Asia.
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    Project
    Emergency Response to Enhance the National Capacity of Egypt for Early Warning, Monitoring and Management of Fall Armyworm - TCP/EGY/3706 2022
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    Native to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas, the Fall Armyworm ( is a transboundary pest that travels great distances very quickly and feeds on a variety of crops, including maize, rice, sorghum and sugar cane The FAW was detected in West Africa for the first time in 2016 and within a few years, it had spread to almost all the countries in sub Saharan Africa Its presence was first reported in maize fields in Egypt in May 2019 Owing to the speed with which it spreads and the fact that it can feed on so many different plants, the FAW has the potential to devastate yields and damage crops in Egypt, thereby dramatically affecting food security and threatening the livelihoods of smallholder farmers This project was designed to build the capacities of a variety of stakeholders, including staff of the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation ( and smallholder farmers, to identify, monitor and control the spread of FAW in Egypt through awareness raising, training programmes the implementation of Integrated Pest Management ( strategies and the provision of equipment.

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