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Establishing a Geographical Indication System in Lao People’s Democratic Republic - UTF/LAO/026/LAO









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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Geographical Indications for sustainable food systems
    Preserving and promoting agricultural and food heritage
    2019
    A geographical indication (GI) is a label that applies to products with specific quality, reputation or other characteristics resulting from their geographical origin. These specific characteristics can be the result of natural or human factors. GIs are protected by intellectual property rights (IPR) according to the World Trade Organization agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) and the Geneva Act. GIs represent a collective asset linked to local heritage and reputation.
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    Project
    Improving Agriculture Resilience and Adaptive Capacity to Secure Food and Rural Livelihoods in the Commonwealth of Dominica - TCP/DMI/3703 2022
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    Dominica’s agrifood systems are severely impacted by climate change Not only do sea level rises, with saltwater intrusion and inconsistent rain patterns disrupting agriculture production, but the small island is also affected by large scale natural disasters, such as hurricanes, floods and tropical storms, which have a lasting effect on the population and the country’s economic resources These calamities are expected to increase in frequency and magnitude, representing significant socio economic risks for the sustainable development of the Caribbean’s islands In the aftermath of Hurricane Maria in 2017 which damaged or destroyed 90 percent of crops, climate resilience became a cross sectoral priority on Dominica’s political agenda In this framework, the sustainable management of natural resources, effective institutional coordination and a comprehensive understanding of the conceptual and technological resources available are critical to countering climate vulnerability and food insecurity To adapt to this new complex situation, the Government of Dominica has identified the agriculture sector as a critical domain to guarantee the livelihoods and food security of the population, especially those of vulnerable small farmers, fishers and rural communities The sector accounts for 25 percent of the country’s employment, making it a major contributor to Dominica’s economy.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Promoting sustainability through the registration of geographical indications
    Guidelines for public authorities to examine applications
    2023
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    A geographical indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess characteristics or a reputation that are intrinsic to that origin. GIs can be registered as intellectual property rights (IPR) to ensure their protection. In countries where GIs are recognized under a public framework, public authorities can play an important role in the creation of favourable conditions for GIs to contribute to sustainable development and sustainable food systems. In particular, public authorities in charge of GI rights have an important responsibility when examining applications for protection, and the registration should ensure that GIs can function well. The examination of applications not only serves to verify the legitimacy of the GI as an IPR in terms of the link to the origin, but can also influence the GI system’s effectiveness and sustainability performance, in relation with key factors highlighted in the literature such as the clear definition of the specific quality linked to the geographical origin, the local governance, the appropriate marketing strategy. The objective of these guidelines is to provide guidance to public authorities and experts that examine GI applications. These guidelines provide examples and recommendations related to the procedures for the examination of GI requests. They focus on the two types of criteria for the registration: 1) the legal criteria that determine the admissibility for registration (link to origin) and 2) additional criteria that can be considered to help improve the GI system’s sustainability. Finally, the guidelines offer a list of questions to guide examiners along the examination process.

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