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Implications of livestock grazing on sustainable management of montane forests: a case of south west Mau forest, Kenya

XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022









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    Influence of livestock grazing within piospheres under free range and controlled conditions in Botswana 2001
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    The study was conducted in the Eastern Kalahari sandveld of Botswana on a shrub savanna vegetation type dominated by Terminalia sericea / Boscia albitrunca / Grewia flavaand Dichrostachys cinerea woodland. It was initiated in an attempt to determine the impact of livestock grazing within piospheres on soil nutrients, range condition and the influence of season on forage quality and diet composition of livestock. The study was centered around the water points and conducted on b oth free range grazing and controlled conditions. Measurements on soil and vegetation attributes were recorded at particular points along the transects from the water point. Vegetation and livestock diets were measured seasonally over a period of two years. Chemical analyses of soil revealed the low background fertility of the Kalahari sandveld. The impact of dung and urine on soil chemistry was localized in the area immediate to the vicinity of the water point. Phosphorus, pH and cation exch ange capacity were the most responsive attributes to variation along the transect from the water point. High livestock units carried at any particular borehole had an influence on the level of soil nutrient status. Management plans should aim at a more even spread of nutrients by improving the distribution of water points.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Guidelines: land evaluation for extensive grazing
    FAO Soils Bulletin No. 58
    1991
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    Extensive grazing is the predominant form of land use on at least a quarter of the world’s land surface, in which livestock are raised on food that comes mainly from rangelands. Extensive grazing differs from crop or forestry production, in which the produce remains in situ whilst growing. Evaluation for extensive grazing, unlike that for cropping or forestry, must take into account the production of both grazing forage, termed primary production, and the livestock that feed on this forage, term ed secondary production. Extensive grazing also differs from intensive grazing, in which the animal feed comes mainly from artificial, seeded pastures and not from unimproved rangeland. This relationship between livestock and arable farming must be considered when evaluating land for improved uses in which livestock play a major part. If one component of the overall land use is developed in isolation from the others, the balance between extensive grazing and arable farming may easily be distur bed. Land evaluation is used to identify alternative land uses or changes in management that will better meet national or local needs, and to estimate the consequences of each feasible change. In terms of extensive grazing, it encourages the promotion of sustainable land uses that integrate land, livestock and people for their mutual benefit.
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    Project
    Strengthening Sustainable Forest Governance and Management Systems in Kirisia/Leroghi Forest, Kenya - GCP/KEN/073/GFF 2024
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    Kirisia/Leroghi Forest is situated in Samburu County, Kenya. The forest and the ecosystem around the county are widely recognized as critical for maintaining the Samburu heartland as a functioning ecosystem, and particularly its role as a key habitat for wildlife and carbon storage. The population around the forest consists mainly of the pastoralist Samburu community, which has been managing the forest through traditional management systems in the past and uses the forest for wood products, non-timber forest products, and as a grazing fallback zone. However, due to policies of past administrations, the traditional governance system has deteriorated, leading to vast degradation, an influx of people settling within the forest boundaries, wildfires of an anthropological nature, and year-round grazing, thus depressing natural regeneration of the forest. Against this background, the project aimed to strengthen sustainable forest governance and management systems in Kirisia/Leroghi Forest to tackle current and emerging threats.

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