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The new generation of watershed management programmes and projects

A resource book for practitioners and local decision-makers based on the findings and recommendations of a FAO review












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    Book (series)
    La nouvelle génération de programmes et projets d’aménagement des bassins versants
    Un ouvrage de référence pour les professionnels et les autorités locales fondé sur les conclusions et recommandations d’une évaluation de la FAO
    2008
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    Durant l’Année internationale de la montagne en 2002, la FAO et ses partenaires ont lancé une évaluation à grande échelle et un examen mondial de l’état actuel et des tendances futures de l’aménagement intégré et participatif des bassins versants. Les objectifs généraux étaient de promouvoir l’échange et la diffusion d’expériences dans la mise en œuvre de ces projets durant la décennie 1990–2000, et d’aider à identifier une vision pour une nouvelle génération de programmes et projets. Le présent ouvrage de référence offre une synthèse et une analyse critique des débats enrichissants et de l’abondante documentation produite durant l’évaluation; il présente également les conclusions et les recommandations de l’évaluation, fournit des conseils spécialisés sur les diverses approches en matière d’aménagement des bassins hydrographiques, décrit des cas concrets et propose de nouvelles idées et méthodes pour la réalisation de futurs projets et programmes. Cet ouvrage s’adresse plus particuliè rement au personnel de terrain intervenant dans la gestion des bassins hydrographiques et aux autorités locales œuvrant dans ce domaine au niveau du district ou de la commune. Il constitue toutefois une source précieuse d’informations pour d’autres lecteurs, tels que gestionnaires et consultants spécialisés dans d’autres domaines, évaluateurs, décideurs et étudiants en aménagement des bassins versants.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Watershed management in action
    Lessons learned from FAO field projects
    2017
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    This study reviewed the achievements, and also the shortcomings, of 12 watershed management projects technically supported by FAO over the past decade, with a view to learning from experience. Unlike sectoral development approaches, watershed management involves examining the interactions among various natural processes and land uses and managing land, water and the wider ecosystem of the watershed in an integrated way. Watershed management is best carried out as a stepwise multistakeholder proc ess. The review identified a sequence of steps that watershed management projects or programmes should ideally follow. The approach has demonstrated its effectiveness for responding to global challenges of water supply, land restoration, climate change adaptation, disaster risk management and fighting hunger. To meet these challenges, the next generation of watershed management projects and programmes must be implemented over longer time frames, and they require sustained and coordinated investm ent from the public and private sectors. The review identified the following areas for moving forward: institutional strengthening for improved watershed governance; watershed monitoring; capitalizing on increased data availability; knowledge sharing and learning; and strategic partnerships for joint action on the ground.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Land-water linkages in rural watersheds 2002
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    It is often assumed that upstream land use practices have important impacts on water resources and affect the downstream users at a watershed scale. Payments by downstream users to upstream users for "environmental services" such as good water quality, less sediments or more regular water flow are widely discussed. However, much controversy exists about the direction and magnitude of such impacts, how they influence the relationships between upstream and downstream users, and which mechanisms al low for a sharing of resulting benefits and costs by all resource users in a watershed context. To address these issues, the FAO Land and Water Development Dicvision organized the electronic workshop "Lan-Water Linkages in Rural Watersheds" from 18 September to 27 October 2000. The present publication contains the proceedings of the workshop and two papers that set the stage for the workshop discussions. The complete workshop documentation, including discussion archive, background papers and cas e studies, is included on the CD-ROM that accompanies the document.

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