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Enhancing Rural Livelihoods and Agriculture Productivity through Agroforestry Development in Mauritius - TCP/MAR/3705








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    Strengthening Capacity of Youth for Employment and Livelihood in Agriculture - TCP/SAM/3603 2020
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    Approximately 80 percent of the population of Samoa resides in rural areas, yet the contribution of the agriculture sector to the national gross domestic product (GDP) is relatively low. While agriculture accounted for around 50 percent of the GDP in 1980, this contribution decreased to less than 10 percent by 2013. In contrast, remittances accounted for 18.2 percent of the GDP in 2011. The 2009 Agriculture Census found that 15 786 of the 23 164 households surveyed were agriculturally active. However, only half of these agriculturally active households derived some income from their produce, with the remainder of households producing purely for the purpose of consumption. In addition, an estimated 37 300 ha was being used for agriculture at the time of the census, representing 57 percent of the total agricultural land. More generally, 82 percent of agricultural production value is generated from crops. Only 24 percent of the value added to products, however, is achieved through commercial agriculture, with subsistence farming accounting for most of the value-added products in the sector. In Samoa, there are five crops that account for 76 percent of production value. These include taro, swamp taro, coconut, banana and pumpkin. Additionally, cabbage (15 percent) and tomato (3 percent) account for most of the remaining production value. Critically, shortcomings in the domestic production of high-value horticultural crops contributes to the high cost of both local and imported vegetables compared to substitute foods. This in turn, contributes to the Samoan population’s high dependence on purchasing imported foods, which is estimated to account for over 70 percent of their diets. As a result, there are high consumption rates of prepared and convenience foods that contain high levels of salt, sugar and saturated fat, which contribute to poor nutrition and obesity. Despite the existing challenges, the agriculture sector has been at the forefront of economic growth in Samoa and remains crucial to national food security, income generation and export potential. Therefore, the vision for the Agriculture Sector Plan 2011–2016 focused on “Agriculture for Food and Income Security” and was guided by the “farming and fishing first” theme. In particular, two of the key areas that have been explored are improved fruit tree development and value addition for selected crops.
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    Formulation of Sustainable Agriculture Development Project in Suriname - TCP/SUR/3601 2020
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    Agriculture is key to Suriname, the smallest independent country in South America. The sector employs around 8 percent of the total labour force, and a sharp decline in large-scale agricultural production, combined with falling competitiveness, has contributed to a severe economic recession. The agriculture and food trade balance is quickly widening as a result of the recent decline in international markets/prices for the country’s main exports, i.e. oil, gold, aluminium, and the Government is facing serious economic and political challenges to increase employment, reform the public sector and improve socioeconomic living conditions for the population. Agriculture is a priority area for the Government, but limited land resources (less than 10 percent of the land is suitable for agriculture) and water management issues risk constraining the future development of the sector. Within this context, through the Suriname-European Union National Indicative Programme (NIP), the European Commission allocated USD 15 million (EUR 13 million) for the Suriname Agriculture Market Access Project (SAMAP). The SAMAP would focus on enhancing the output, competitiveness and safe production of selected crops by creating an enabling environment and enhancing the capacities of the private sector and institutions. The Government of Suriname requested FAO support for the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fisheries on the full design, development and formulation of the necessary project design documents and budget for the approvalof the SAMAP.
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    Emergency Support to Improve Food Security and Agriculture-Based Subsistence Livelihoods of Drought-Affected Population in Balochistan and Sindh Provinces of Pakistan - TCP/PAK/3705 2022
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    Pakistan has an estimated population of around 208 million, with 40 9 million living below the national poverty line The country is not only prone to natural disasters that adversely impact the food security and livelihoods of its inhabitants, but is also vulnerable to climatic changes that are expected to increase the occurrence and severity of droughts in the southern part of the country, especially in Balochistan and Sindh provinces, where between 65 and 95 percent of the population lives in rural areas Drought is increasingly common in these provinces, with serious consequences on food security, livestock, crops, water resources, the environment and aquifers In August 2018 the Provincial Disaster Management Authority of Sindh identified 513 villages in eight districts of Sindh as calamity hit (drought affected) In December 2018 18 districts in Balochistan were identified as calamity hit by the PDMA, Balochistan Both Sindh and Balochistan provinces have a high prevalence of poverty and food insecurity The incidence of multidimensional poverty is 43 percent and 71 percent in Sindh and Balochistan respectively, and even higher in rural areas According to the preliminary results of a National Nutrition Survey in 2018 global acute malnutrition rates are above emergency thresholds in most drought affected districts A Sindh drought needs assessment conducted in October 2018 classified between 32 and 36 percent of HHs 0 72 0 89 million people) as severely food insecure and 1 1 6 million people classified as moderately food insecure A similar assessment conducted in 14 drought affected districts of Balochistan in January 2019 indicated that 58 percent of surveyed HHs experienced moderate or severe hunger In response to the drought emergency in the two provinces the PDMAs declared a state of calamity in the affected districts while the NDMA requested the United Nations System to activate an emergency response coordination system A drought response plan for emergency support to 2 1 million people in the prioritized districts was developed, with a funding requirement of USD 96 3 million in January 2019 to be led by FAO and the World Food Programme ( The current project was developed to provide immediate emergency assistance to extremely food insecure drought affected agro pastoralist communities in the provinces of Balochistan (in Nushki and Chaghi districts) and Sindh (in Umerkot and Sanghar districts) The project would also conduct an Integrated Food Security Phase Classification ( acute food insecurity.

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