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Guide for small and medium enterprises in sustainable non-timber forest trade in Central Africa







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    Non-timber forest products – A key tool to improve food security and nutrition in the drylands of Africa
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Desertification and climate change will reduce the provision of ecosystem services in African drylands, including losses in biodiversity and soil fertility. With a major part of the population in these areas relying heavily on natural resources for survival, this worsens a health situation that is already ridden by hunger & malnutrition. Tree Aid works in Africa’s drylands to unlock the potential of trees to tackle poverty and food security while improving the environment. In particular, the promotion of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) can improve the health of rural populations by enhancing food security and nutrition. Here, we present a quantitative study that explores the impacts of promoting the production and consumption of NTFPs among 33,212 households in four regions of Burkina Faso, which feature the highest malnutrition rates in the country. This project was a partnership between Tree Aid and the Swiss Development Agency and ran from January 2017 to December 2020. Its socioeconomic and nutritional impacts were evaluated with baseline & endline assessments using the Rural Household Multi Indicator Survey1 (RHoMIS), a well-established household survey tool designed to analyse farm systems, a nutritional survey using SMART technology (Standardized Monitoring and Assessment of Relief and Transitions2 ) & focus group discussions. We find that enhancing access of women and vulnerable groups to wild & cultivated NTFPs through nutrition gardens & raising awareness of their nutritional value improves the food and nutritional security of the project rural households. Overall, the 263% increase in the proportion of calories sourced from key NTFPs (shea and baobab), which tripled daily intake per person, contributed to an 8% reduction in the number of households below the calorie line and a 42% reduction in chronic malnutrition in under 5-year-olds. These results reinforce the case for protecting & regenerating forests, which bring significant benefits to human health for rural population across the Sahel. Keywords: NTFP, food security, nutrition, Burkina Faso, Drylands ID: 3623938
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    Network and knowledge transmission for climate change on a non-timber forestry product in an era of depopulation, shiitake produced in sawtooth oak trees at Kunisaki GIAHS site
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Climate change is disturbing forests and other ecosystems at a global scale. It could affect how foresters, forest owners, and other related actors manage the forests and conduct their daily lives. This also applies to the producers and strategies of collectors of non-timber forestry products (NTFPs). This study examines, “How climate change affects NTFP producers and strategies of collectors? How resilient are their mitigation and adaption measures for forests and forest communities?” The shiitake, Lentinula edodes, produced in lower temperature are more valuable in market price but are facing challenges. We interviewed veteran producers of shiitake mushroom in Kunisaki City, Oita Prefecture, Japan for the period of June to September 2020. They produce shiitake in the forests of sawtooth oak trees, Quercus acutissima, in a site of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS). In this GIAHS site, the forests retain water and provide water for the irrigation pond system. Shiitake producers underpin this GIAHS system through participating in forest management and food supply. They cut the trees of about 15 years old and utilize the logs for shiitake production inside the forests. The branches of the cut trees are put to cover and humidify the logs until the fungus of shiitake spreads inside the logs. As shiitake production sustains the livelihoods of the producers in the depopulated society, the production maintains the forests for the centuries. The producers are adapting to the heats and frequent typhoons by countermeasures; for example, with the temperature increased, a producer wonders how much they keep producing shiitake which sprouts at low temperature. They also sprinkle more water to cool the inoculated logs. This study explores how traditional knowledge is changing or adapting to climate change and how they are transmitted. Keywords: Adaptive and integrated management, Climate change, Economic Development, Food systems, Knowledge management ID: 3486707
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    NTFPs as a source of livelihood and climate change mitigation & adaptation: a case study from Jharkhand, India
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    There is an inextricable link between forest resources and livelihood of rural people .The rural people including tribals – Oraon, Munda, Ho, Savar, Santhal, Birhor, Bhumij etc. living around forest area use these non-timber forest produce (NTFP) as their primary source of income, food, nutrition, and medicine. NTFPs may be used for subsistence or for sale, providing cash income and function as an economic buffer in times of hardships. The paper summarizes activities of livelihood based on NTFPs in Jharkhand .They get employment in activities related to NTFPs like plucking of Tendu leaves (Diospyros sps.), rearing of Silk- (Antheraea mylitta Drury) and cultivation of Lac- (Kerria lacca Kerr), making of fancy items from bamboo and cottage industry based on bamboo. Of these NTFPs, Lac and Silk occupy an important place in rural economy. Lac, which is a natural resin secreted by an insect, Kerria lacca (Kerr.), cultivated on host trees like Palas [Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub] and Kusum [Schleichera oleosa (Lour.) Oken] .In Jharkhand mostly Tassar Silk is reared which is produced by a wild silkworm of Antheraea mylitta Drury which feeds primarily on host trees like Asan [Terminalia tomentosa (DC) Wt. &Arn].The paper depicts activities of crafts based on bamboo, embroidery on silk cloth and manufacture of decorative items of Lac and other facets of these NTFPs and their contribution in improving earnings of rural people. The paper also critically examines how NTFPs can be effective tool in climate change mitigation and adaptation especially in REDD+. Hence NTFPs are of importance for food security, livelihood option, poverty eradication and for their role in climate change mitigation and adaption. Government policy in India and Jharkhand related to Join Forest Management, enactment of Forest Right Act 2006, and implementing Forest Working plan Code 2014 by, has brought about radical changes in approach towards management of NTFPs. Keywords: Adaptation, Climate Change, Livelihood, NTFP ID: 3486213

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