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Conservation agriculture in northern Kazakhstan and Mongolia







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    Document
    Importance of zero-tillage with high stubble to trap snow and increase wheat yields in Northern Kazakhstan
    Conservation agriculture study (June 2009)
    2009
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    This technical paper was prepared by a senior FAO agronomist in the Investment Centre Division and draws on the results of two missions carried out in June 2008 and April 2009 by teams of Centre, World Bank and national staff to assist implementation of the World Bank-financed Agricultural Competitiveness Project. The study reviews the potential for zero-tillage (no-till or direct seeding) to increase wheat yields in Northern Kazakhstan by 20 to 50 percent above current levels. The possible aver age production increase from this achievement could be about 1 million additional tonnes of wheat annually. Eventual wide adoption of zero-tillage technology could also bring about a global benefit by contributing to improved carbon storage, which would also have a positive effect on climate change due to decreased greenhouse gas emissions. The paper notes that continued support and increased emphasis on conservation agriculture could significantly contribute to improving food security and the o verall cereal and grain production system competitiveness in Kazakhstan. However zero-tillage does not mean no-farming input. In fact it requires investment to adapt or buy new machinery and use of herbicides, during the first years of technology establishment. Yet the payoff can be well worth it with a potential rate of return on the investment as high as 18-23 percent. The zero-tillage results described in this paper could apply to similar climates and farming systems in other countries.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Practice of Conservation Agriculture in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan 2016
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    The book summarizes and presents the information on possible ways to adopt Conservation Agriculture (CA) approaches under the conditions of the countries mentioned above and makes recommendations for their further promotion. The Guidelines cover such topics as the significance and current state of agriculture in the project countries, permanent raised-bed planting technologies, zero-tillage technologies, weed varieties and main measures to control them, crop rotation, overview of CA machinery an d equipment, and laser-assisted land levelling. The Guidelines target agricultural scientists, specialists, trainers, extension consultants and interested farmers. We hope that the information in these Guidelines will contribute to the promotion of CA, increase of productivity and sustainability in irrigated areas of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and other countries of Central Asia.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Proceedings from the International Cold Winter Desert Conference
    Central Asian Desert Initiative, 2-3 December 2021, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
    2022
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    The Proceedings from the International Conference on Cold Winter Deserts contain key highlights and outcomes of the conference, presenting research results of the work undertaken in the scope of temperate deserts. The cold winter – also referred to as temperate – deserts, spreading from northern Islamic Republic of Iran across Central Asia to Mongolia – are globally outstanding nature regions. They are an important migration area for birds and the last wild herds of ungulates, such as the Saiga antelope. The enormous land masses deliver a broad range of ecosystem services. Despite their ecological importance, temperate deserts are, according to a study by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), one of the least recognized biomes worldwide. Yet, these deserts, their habitats and species are threatened by desertification caused by overexploitation for firewood collection, inappropriate grazing practices, and large-scale infrastructure development. Ninety-five percent of the temperate deserts are located in Central Asia – hence this region carries a high responsibility for the preservation of this biome. Against this background, the Central Asian Desert Initiative (CADI) aims at preserving biological diversity and the conservation and sustainable use of cold winter deserts in Central Asia. Therefore, in close coordination with local partners, a wide package of measures shall be implemented in the main target countries Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. CADI is jointly implemented by the University of Greifswald (Germany), the Michael Succow Foundation (Greifswald, Germany) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Sub-regional Office for Central Asia (Ankara, Türkiye). This publication is a result of the Central Asian Desert Initiative (CADI) project as part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI). The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) supports this initiative on the basis of a decision adopted by the German Bundestag.

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