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Price monitoring and analysis country brief - Democratic Republic of the Congo







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    Price monitoring and analysis country brief - Kenya 2011
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    The sharp increase in staple food prices reached its record level in July leading also to considerable deterioration of terms of trade for pastoralists. An estimated 3.75 million people are classified as food insecure. Major concerns are for the over 490,000 Somali refugees who are in dire need of emergency assistance. The food security situation continues to deteriorate as a consequence of persistent drought condition combined with high food prices, insecurity and displacement. The worst af fected areas are the northern and eastern parts of the country. The Government waived the import duty on maize to ease prices to consumers, while humanitarian aid agencies and UN institutions are assisting the population.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Africa Report - No. 2 September 2005 2005
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    Eastern Africa: Prospects for the 2005 main season cereal crops have improved in some major producing areas of the subregion due to favourable rains. The overall food situation, however, remains precarious with high malnutrition rates reported in several countries in the subregion due to the effects of war, displacement and earlier droughts. Currently, more than 18 million people in the subregion depend on humanitarian assistance. The situation in Sudan is particularly alarming due to con tinued conflict that has resulted in a serious food situation, especially in Darfur and southern Sudan. In Somalia, recent assessments indicate severe food insecurity in several parts of the country. Below average 2005 main “gu” season harvest in southern Somalia coupled with an upsurge in civil strife have exacerbated the situation. Nearly one million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. Recent food aid pledges for Eritrea and Ethiopia have boosted the food aid pipeline, but deliv eries need to be accelerated. Southern Africa: About 12 million people in the subregion, two-thirds of them in Zimbabwe and Malawi, are in need of emergency food assistance in the current marketing year. The situation is expected to worsen during the lean months until the next harvest in April-May, unless international relief is provided urgently. Most countries of the subregion including Zimbabwe, Botswana, Malawi, Namibia, Lesotho, Zambia and Swaziland have gathered below average main s eason cereal harvests in 2005. In Zimbabwe, high inflation coupled with shortages of maize grain and fuel as well as transport problems are causing serious food insecurity. For the same reasons, prospects for 2006 are dire, regardless of rainfall. In Malawi, about 4.6 million vulnerable people are facing severe food shortages and require an estimated 414 000 tonnes of cereals in emergency assistance. Current high maize prices are exacerbating the situation. Above average cereal harvests ha ve been estimated for South Africa, Angola, Mozambique and Madagascar. South Africa’s record maize harvest of 12.4 million tonnes is estimated to result in an exportable surplus of about 5 million tonnes, more than enough to cover the subregion’s import requirements. WFP’s regional Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation has so far received only 30 percent of the 704 000 tonnes requirement over a three-year period (2005-07). Western Africa: The Sahel and northern parts of coastal countrie s continue to face a difficult lean season, due to depleted household food stocks and unusually high food prices. However, current season crop development in the Sahel has been satisfactory so far in main producing zones, due to favourable growing conditions. In Niger, the food situation remains critical, and WFP has expanded its emergency operation to assist 2.5 million people until the end of the lean season in October. In Côte d’Ivoire, insecurity, labour shortages and the de facto partit ion of the country continue to disrupt agricultural production and marketing activities. In Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, food assistance continues to be needed for internally displaced people and refugees. Central Africa: Cereal harvests of the main season (2005B) were favourable in Rwanda and Burundi with improvements in the order of 33 percent and 7 percent above the five-year averages in the two countries, respectively. Food insecurity persists in the violence-prone eastern part of DRC and in pockets of chronically vulnerable districts in Burundi and Rwanda.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Sahel | Regional overview – December 2019 2019
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    High levels of insecurity and inter-community conflict persist in various areas across the Sahel, particularly in parts of Burkina Faso, Mali and the Niger, significantly increasing population displacements in the region. Despite overall satisfactory agricultural production, there are significant disparities between geographical areas, with declines in cereal production expected in various countries, including Senegal. Price increases compared with the five-year average. The pastoral situation is marked by significant forage deficits in the far west of the Sahel – Senegal and Mauritania – and in parts of Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali and the Niger, which have led to early transhumance movements and the increased risk of aggravating farmer-pastoralist conflicts. According to the latest Cadre Harmonisé analysis (November 2019), 15.5 million people, including in Cameroon, are projected to be severely food insecure during next year’s lean season (June–August 2020) – an alarming deterioration that has never been observed in the last five years. This is the result of cyclical causes, including local cereal and fodder production deficits due to drought and floods, but mainly due to the worsening security situation in the region. High prevalence of acute malnutrition is also still observed, and if the security situation deteriorates further, nutrition conditions would also worsen, especially among IDPs and host communities. Providing immediate agricultural support is crucial to support the livelihoods of vulnerable displaced and host families to improve their food security and nutrition, as well as to reduce the risk of tensions over already limited natural resources

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