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Democratic Republic of the Congo | Response overview – December 2021










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    Democratic Republic of the Congo | Response overview (May 2021) 2021
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    The Democratic Republic of Congo has the highest estimated number of people in acute food insecurity worldwide. The key drivers of food insecurity in the country are protracted conflict, mainly in the eastern provinces triggering population displacements and the disruption of livelihoods, the effects of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and related containment measures, the economic decline linked to the currency depreciation and drop in GDP growth, and natural hazards (floods, animal diseases, etc.). Any further disruption to food supply chains will worsen human suffering and hamper efforts to tackle and reduce food insecurity. It is thus crucial to deliver livelihood assistance throughout the country, particularly so as not to miss the upcoming agricultural seasons to quickly increase access to food, improve and diversify households’ daily diet, create alternative sources of income and supply markets with local, fresh products.
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    Democratic Republic of the Congo | 2021 Humanitarian Response Plan 2021
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    In 2020, the humanitarian situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo deteriorated significantly amid persistent armed conflict in the eastern regions and increased violence in several other parts of the country. While structural issues remain, such as extreme poverty, limited access to basic services and weak social protection systems, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has aggravated the situation, deeply affecting the livelihoods of vulnerable households. Its socioeconomic impact has exacerbated existing inequalities, triggered higher unemployment rates, led to worse living conditions and increased protection risks, especially for women and girls. Providing immediate agricultural support to vulnerable households in time for the upcoming planting season will allow them to produce their own food and generate income.
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    Democratic Republic of the Congo | Strengthening the resilience of smallholder farmers and vulnerable populations 2020
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    Despite its vast natural resources, the Democratic Republic of the Congo is still experiencing the second largest food crisis in the world after Yemen. According to results of the latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification analysis, 15.6 million people are facing severe acute food insecurity. In addition, some 5.8 million people required nutrition assistance in 2019, including 800 000 pregnant and lactating women, and 5 million children suffering from acute malnutrition. The protracted conflict in the country, particularly in the eastern and Kasai provinces, is triggering large-scale population displacements, disrupting agricultural activities and hampering access to markets, schools and healthcare services. In North and South Kivu, insecurity, population displacement and the effects of recurring climate shocks have devastated the socio-economic fabric, where young people remain vulnerable to recruitment by armed groups due to the lack of job opportunities and low levels of education. Thanks to funding from Germany, FAO, UNICEF and WFP will implement an integrated resilience programme building on the comparative advantages of each of the three agencies to provide targeted beneficiaries with multisectoral assistance. The objective is to strengthen the resilience of smallholder farmers and vulnerable populations in food-insecure areas, and improve their livelihoods and access to basic social services through a variety of complementary activities.

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