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Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions through Community Forests and Sustainable Biomass Energy in Afghanistan - GCP/AFG/081/GFF









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    Book (series)
    Terminal evaluation of “Reducing greenhouse gas emissions by promoting community forestry, removing barriers to sustainable biomass energy, and laying the groundwork for climate change mitigation in Afghanistan”
    Project code: GCP/AFG/081/GFF GEF ID: 5610
    2020
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    Afghanistan’s high diversity of rangeland and forest ecosystems provide valuable goods and services for local communities. Unsustainable land and resource management practices, as well as climate changes, are accelerating the degradation of these ecosystems and affecting local livelihoods. FAO recognizes community based natural resource management (CBNRM) and Sustainable Biomass Energy Systems (SBES) as potential tools to address these issues, and implemented the project in the Parwan and Nangarhar provinces between August 2016 and July 2019. The evaluation presents the results of SBES and CBNRM in the project, both of which were succesful in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, as well as the policy and awareness raising results. It also assesses the security challenges behind the project management decision making, gender issues, and other barriers and risks that may prevent the progress of future projects.
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    Forest Landscape Management Plan for the BidiBidi Refugee Settlement, Yumbe District, Uganda: 2023–2028 2023
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    The Forest Landscape Management Plan for the Bidibidi Refugee Settelemnt, Yumbe District, Uganda: 2023–2028, aims at providing practical guidelines to alleviate pressure on the environment and natural resources, ensure sustainable access to biomass for cooking, and contribute to building the resilience of both refugee and host communities. The influx of refugees in Uganda has often added to existing pressure on the environment, resulting in reduced access to woodfuel for cooking and competition with host communities over the use of limited natural resources. A planned approach for the management of natural resources in displacement situations, in both the short and the long term, is crucial to minimize the environmental impact and to increase resilience of refugee and host communities to climate and other shocks. It is also a fundamental step to ensure sustainable livelihood opportunities through innovative and resilient forest value chains, including market access and social protection, while at the same time promoting a safer and more efficient use of natural resources, such as the use of sustainably produced woodfuel for cooking and heating, and access to alternative energy sources.
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    Article
    Key lessons from a community-based forest and rangeland management initiative in Afghanistan
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    It is increasingly recognized that the management of forest and rangeland resources through the involvement of resource users is a sound strategy for the protection, conservation, and sustainable use of those resources in mountainous communities in Afghanistan. Community-based management of natural resources, especially forest and rangeland, is a priority of the Government of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GoIRA). Accordingly, the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL), with donor support, has initiated community-based natural resource management practices throughout the country. This paper highlights the key lessons learnt from successfully implementing community-based forest and rangeland management interventions under a project implemented by the FAO in two provinces (Nangarhar and Parwan), with the support of the Global Environment Facility (GEF). It also draws some lessons from a similar project currently ongoing in five provinces (Badghis, Bamiyan, Gazani, Kunar and Paktiya) with close collaboration of different government agencies. The paper builds on the information gathered from focus group discussions, field observations and historical records. The results indicate that more efforts are needed to make the communities and the government recognize the full potential of and emphasize community-based natural resource management through capacity building, provision of financial support, and clarification of user rights and ownership status. The results also revealed that capacity of government agencies, especially the office bearers, had to be strengthened in order to put the relevant policies and procedures issued by the GoIRA into practice more effectively and efficiently. The most important entry-point initiatives and interventions that showed progress in achieving sustainable natural resource management include: (i) providing alternative energy sources for reducing pressure on forest andrangeland in remote areas for wood fuel; and (ii) promote improved management of natural resources through awareness raising, capacity building, and introduction of new technologies. Keywords: Community-based natural resource management (CBNRM), community, community-based association. ID: 3486395

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