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Rural non-farm livelihoods in transition economies: emerging issues and policies







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    Meeting
    Beyond Agriculture?: The Promise of the Rural Economy for Growth and Poverty Reduction. Workshop Synthesis
    Rome, Italy, 16-18 January 2006
    2006
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    The workshop entitled “Beyond Agriculture?: The Promise of the Rural Economy for Growth and Poverty Reduction” was held at the FAO headquarters in Rome from the 16th to the 18th of January. In organizing the workshop, FAO was seeking to raise awareness on how recent trends and changes such as globalization shape the context in which rural economies operate and what are the implications for policies to reduce rural poverty. More than 70% of the poor live in rural areas where the agriculture sector plays a fundamental role. In this context, the purpose of the workshop was to gain a better understanding of how the current rural development paradigm is evolving, what are the drivers of these changes, what can make rural development strategies more effective and which role FAO could most strategically play in the effort of efficient and effective rural development. The meeting’s objective were fivefold: (1) understand how changes in “drivers” (such as globalisation and changes in fo od systems) may cause a shift in the prevailing Rural Development paradigm, and what may the regional characteristics of such a paradigm be; (2) raise awareness on a poverty reduction/rural development strategy and the role of agriculture in such a strategy; (3) examine rural household strategies for getting out of poverty; (4) produce guidelines or a checklist of issues to be considered in guiding rural development policy; and (5) learn how the paradigm shift translates into analysis and policy directions primarily for FAO. The workshop combined a number of background papers and studies, some of a more general and theoretical level and some with a more regional or country focus. This format allowed firstly to set the scene of the specific topic and subsequently to delve into more specific facets of the specific issue under investigation. The workshop lasted two days and a half and set off with an opening plenary session and was concluded by a closing round-table discussion. The workshop was divided into seven sessions, each of which contained the presentation of one background paper and two study papers then followed by the comments of a discussant. At the end of each session the floor was opened to a broader discussion with the participation of all present. The first session set the scene of the workshop with an overview of definitions and current trends aiming at investigating the evolution of rural development policy and the paradigm shift. The second session discussed transformations in agriculture and the impacts on rural development. The third session focused on gaining a better understanding of rural non-farm generating activities: whether the latter are refuge/survival strategies or a pathway out of poverty. The fourth session aimed at gaining a better understanding of the reasons and effects of migration in an agricultural context and whether migration out of rural areas is promoting or hampering rural development. Session 5 addressed the issue of government spending and the impact of government spending for public goods vis-à-vis the productive sectors of the rural economies. Session six analyzed the variation in institutional frameworks in the context of rural development and the paradigm shift. Session 7 provided an overview of how multilateral banks are promoting their rural development strategies and what changes are being promoted
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    Document
    Farm Output, Non-Farm Income, and Commercialization in Rural Georgia 2006
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    This article examines the decision of farmers to sell part of their farm output on the market, using data from the Republic of Georgia. A two-level empirical model is used, in which endowments and resource allocation decisions determine farm output and non-farm income, and these in turn determine market participation. We found, as expected, that farm output affects market participation positively, while non-farm income affects it negatively. Landholdings have an indirect positive effect on marke t participation, through its positive effect on farm output. Education has a negative effect on market participation, mainly through its positive effect on non-farm income.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Fostering productive investments to create decent farm and non-farm jobs for rural youth in migration-prone areas of Senegal 2018
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    This brief summarizes the objectives, key deliverables, outputs, results and expected impact of the project "Fostering productive investments to create decent farm and non-farm jobs for rural youth in migration-prone areas of Senegal” (FMM/HLO/115/MUL). The project aims to foster productive investments of migrants' remittances and diaspora funds and hence create decent farm and non-farm jobs, particularly for youth, in order to address the root causes of rural distress migration and harness the development potential of migrants for the rural economy.

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