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Food systems approach to address food security and socio-economic dimensions of climate change

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    Book (series)
    Proceedings of the Second Meeting of the Technical Advisory Committee of the FAO Project Management of tuna fishing capacity: conservation and socio-economics Madrid (Spain), 15-18 March 2004 2005
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    The FAOs Japan-funded Project on the Management of tuna fishing capacity: conservation and socio-economics has been formulated by FAO with the objective of improving the management of tuna fisheries on a global scale. Its immediate objectives are to provide technical information necessary for the management of tuna fishing capacity and to identify and resolve the technical problems associated with that management on a global scale, taking into account conservation and socio-economic is sues. This publication presents results of the studies carried out by the Project that were proposed by the Project and considered by its Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) at its 1st Meeting (Rome, Italy, 14-16 April 2003) as being of highest priority. Earlier versions of papers on these studies were presented to the 2nd Meeting of the TAC (Madrid, Spain, 15-18 March 2004), where they were critically discussed. These papers were subsequently peer reviewed, revised and edited. The studies presented in this publication are on the tuna fisheries and resources, the characterization and estimation of fishing capacity, the tuna fishing industry and the management of tuna-fishing capacity. Their results are summarized in the Overview of this publication, and detailed information on them is presented in the following four sections associated with these subjects. The first section describes, on the global scale: the development of tuna fisheries since their inception , including (i) the evolution of vessels, fishing gear, navigation and fishing techniques and fishing grounds and (ii) the trends in tuna catches, the status of the tuna stocks and the tuna catch data available from the FAOs Fisheries Global Information System (FIGIS). The second section includes three papers on fishing capacity of industrial tuna purse seiners and longliners and on the importance of non-industrial tuna fisheries. The third section consists of one paper that qu alitatively and quantitatively assesses the influence of the tuna market (e.g. prices and imports) on tuna catches. The fourth section includes two papers that analyse past developments and future options for the management of fishing capacities of the purse-seine and longline fleets.
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    Project
    EastMed Project Technical Document No 16: Socio-economic analysis of the Lebanese fishing fleet 2013
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    This study was implemented after the EastMed 2nd co-ordination meeting on the 5-6th April, Antalya, Turkey (EastMed 2012), where the participants agreed to have a preliminary assessment of the economic situation of the Lebanese fisheries sector. In order to undertake such an assessment an economic survey based on direct interviews was conducted from March to May 2012. The study was split up into two phases. In the first phase the information on the technical characteristics of the most recent fl eet was obtained. This was then followed by the second and main phase which included the socioeconomic sample survey and the socio-economic analysis. The licensed fishing fleet of 2011 was stratified according to the GFCM task I fleet segmentation, after which the population of vessels was randomly sampled and direct interviews based on a questionnaire were conducted. The results showed that in general the Lebanese fishing fleet is making a profit of about 24% of the revenue which is comparable to other fleets in the Mediterranean of similar characteristics. It is a family based fishery, where the owners of the vessels, are directly involved in the fishing activity, with the assistance of family members, there is a non aging fishers’ population, and a low level of education. The income per fisher-owner (7,400 USD) and fisher (3,000 USD) is 20% and 70% respectively less than the national GDP per capita, furthermore a fisher earns about 25% less than the minimum wage of the country. In t his respect the fishers in Lebanon are present in both the lower-middle class (fisher-owners) and the lower class (fisher), where the latter are part of the poorest section of society. The auction market is the main channel used to sell the product, however the whole value chain should be studied in more detail. The salaries of the fishers should be increased by increasing the revenue and this can be accomplished either by increasing the prices or the quantity of production. The latter seems to be a more plausible solution and can be achieved by improving the sustainable exploitation of the stocks and exploring the possibility to exploit new fishing grounds such as the deep water grounds (> 200 m) and offshore waters for large pelagic species.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Water-Energy-Food-Ecosystem (WEFE) Nexus to increase food systems' resilience to climate change and conflict's cascading effects in the Mediterranean region
    Webinar outcomes
    2022
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    During this webinar, organized by the SFS-MED Platform and held on 6 July 2022, stakeholders from across the Mediterranean shared practical experiences of their engagement in adopting WEFE Nexus solutions and demonstrate the more comprehensive socio-economic benefits of their proposed practices on the food system at large, going beyond a fragmented system of sectors and players. Tackling the WEFE Nexus approaches from diverse angles of the Mediterranean food systems, they shared case studies and tangible examples of WEFE Nexus technical solutions applied in the Mediterranean region, reflecting on success factors and challenges, and discussing ways to facilitate replication and upscaling solutions across the Mediterranean, and influence policy change. The discussion was instrumental in demonstrating how the WEFE Nexus could represent a paradigm shift in the international development agenda, moving from disjointed sectoral development interventions to a more integrated resource management and sustainable use. There is a need for transformation towards sustainable food systems that embrace a WEFE nexus approach to promote peace, recovery and resilience, characterized by interdisciplinary research and knowledge sharing, to be applied in practice through multi-stakeholder collaboration. Moreover, bridging the nexus knowledge gap requires capacity building and combined action by the scientific community, policymakers and practitioners on the ground, paired with high-level political will supported by a sound governance system. Last, but not least, technological innovation and nature-based solutions spearheaded by the private sector have the potential to democratize data generation and use and to minimize costs for the sustainable management and restoration of natural resources. For this to happen, there is a need for financial innovation in de-risking and investment mechanisms that target innovative agri-food businesses and incentivize WEFE nexus solutions.

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