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Costa Rica’s progress in developing a national land use, land cover and ecosystems monitoring system

Strengthening national capacities to monitor natural, agricultural and biodiversity resources to support decision-making and increase the ambition and effectiveness of climate actions









This is the revised version of previously published fact-sheet (2020)"Case study Costa Rica - Costa Rica advances in the development of a national system for monitoring land and ecosystem cover and use"

Last updated 05/04/2022



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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Case study Costa Rica
    Costa Rica advances in the development of a national system for monitoring land and ecosystem cover and use
    2020
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    The Republic of Costa Rica is a Central American country largely covered by tropical forest that exhibits high biodiversity. The country has made many efforts to conserve its forests and biodiversity, although in most cases forest and agricultural resources have been independently assessed. Nevertheless, the interdependence of forest, biodiversity and agricultural resources has highlighted the need to develop monitoring system that would allow consistent, integrated and comprehensive monitoring of all of these resources.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Enhancing countries capacity to report to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change on greenhouse gas emissions for the Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use sector: Costa Rica 2016
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    "Enhancing country capacity for UNFCCC reporting processes for the Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use sector: Costa Rica" summarizes the support provided by FAO between 2013 and 2016 to the government of Costa Rica, through the Monitoring and Assessment of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Mitigation in Agriculture (MAGHG) project. Costa Rica was among the eighteen countries attending the Second FAO Workshop on Statistics for Greenhouse gas Emissions , held from 3 to 4 June 2013 in Port of Spai n, Trinidad and Tobago. It was organized by the Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme. The aim of this workshop was to raise awareness of the importance of agricultural statistics for preparing national GHG inventories and planning national mitigation action, and to facilitate communication and exchange of relevant knowledge at national and regional level.
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    Costa Rica Case Study: Prepared for FAO as part of the State of the World’s Forests 2016 (SOFO) 2016
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    Costa Rica since the '50s went through the traditional transition curve that some countries had or are experiencing. From a period in the far past in which there was no deforestation, the reduction of forest areas begun at an increasing rate, reaching a minimum cover around 21% some 30 years ago, followed by a period of increasing rate of forest recovery until finally reaching a stabilization at around 52% of the country area (FRA 2015; SIREFOR 2015). This was at least the most widely accepted t rend a few years ago, but today this is a controversial issue, since different studies sustain different minimums forest covers, from 21 % to 57%. The cause of this process was primarily the migration of population to the rural areas, followed by deforestation to clean land for cattle farming, subsistence production and then to industrial agriculture in some areas.

    Read the full report of the State of the World’s Forests (SOFO) 2016

    Read the Brochure of the State of the World’s Forests (SOFO) 2016

    Read the Flyer

    See the Infographic

    Visit the Sofo 2016 webpage

    Read the other six country case studies:

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