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Guidelines for Public Works programmes: cash-, voucher- and food-for-work

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    Cash and Voucher Programmes 2016
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    Cash and voucher programmes such as cash-for-work, voucher schemes, input trade fairs and unconditional cash transfers enable people to identify for themselves what their most pressing needs are and decide which goods and services they wish to purchase in local markets. FAO cash transfer interventions provide relief to farmers while also helping them to protect their livelihoods from future shocks (e.g. drought, illness, poor production), overcome cash shortages and improve their food security a nd nutrition.
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    Promoting decent rural employment 2017
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    Promoting policies and investments that support the creation of decent employment opportunities in rural areas is crucial to generating livelihoods for the world’s poor. Rural people depend on agriculture and their own labour to earn a living; yet, rural employment opportunities are often scarce, informal, hazardous and poorly remunerated. To meet the Sustainable Development Goals and eradicate poverty and hunger by 2030, FAO works to build lasting policy changes that foster rural employment. B y supporting the development of strategies and programmes that create more and better jobs, FAO helps governments stimulate both the agricultural and the rural, non-farm economies. This includes promoting the application of international labour standards, particularly for eliminating child labour in agriculture, and partnering with national stakeholders to build human capital by improving access to vocational and entrepreneurial training and strengthening the capacity of rural organizations. FA O also helps countries address the root causes of distress migration by boosting decent employment opportunities in rural areas, while building resilience and risk management mechanisms to protect rural livelihoods.
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    Zimbabwe’s Harmonized Social Cash Transfer Programme: impacts on productive activities and labour allocation 2015
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    Zimbabwe’s Harmonized Social Cash Transfer Programme (HSCT) is implemented by the Ministry of Public Service, Labour and Social Welfare. The programme is jointly funded by the Government of Zimbabwe, the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF); the latter also provides technical and implementation support. The HSCT is an unconditional social cash transfer that targets food-poor and labour-constrained households. To be eligible for the programme, a household must be living below the food poverty line and unable to meet its most urgent basic needs; and face household labour constraints. Households are considered labour-constrained if they i) have no ablebodied member between the ages of 18 and 59; ii) have one able-bodied member between the ages of 18 and 59 who has to care for more than three dependents; or iii) have a dependency ratio between 2 and 3 with a severely disabled or chronically sick household member who requires intensive care. The HSCT, which was launched in 2012, initially covered ten districts and included 16 637 households. By March 2014, the programme had expanded to 20 districts and included 55 509 households. Efforts continue to expand the programme to reach all 65 districts of Zimbabwe, an estimated coverage of around 250 000 households.

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