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Genetic Resources for Food Security and Nutrition









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    Book (stand-alone)
    Coping with Climate Change – The Roles of Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture 2015
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    Genetic resources for food and agriculture play a crucial role in food security, nutrition and livelihoods and in the provision of environmental services. They are key components of sustainability, resilience and adaptability in production systems. They underpin the ability of crops, livestock, aquatic organisms and forest trees to withstand a range of harsh conditions. Climate change poses new challenges to the management of the world’s genetic resources for food and agriculture, but it also un derlines their importance. At the request of the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, FAO prepared thematic studies on the interactions between climate change and plant, animal, forest, aquatic, invertebrate and micro-organism genetic resources. This publication summarizes the results of these studies.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    The State of the World's Biodiversity for Food and Agriculture 2019
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    The State of the World’s Biodiversity for Food and Agriculture presents the first global assessment of biodiversity for food and agriculture worldwide. Biodiversity for food and agriculture is the diversity of plants, animals and micro-organisms at genetic, species and ecosystem levels, present in and around crop, livestock, forest and aquatic production systems. It is essential to the structure, functions and processes of these systems, to livelihoods and food security, and to the supply of a wide range of ecosystem services. It has been managed or influenced by farmers, livestock keepers, forest dwellers, fish farmers and fisherfolk for hundreds of generations. Prepared through a participatory, country-driven process, the report draws on information from 91 country reports to provide a description of the roles and importance of biodiversity for food and agriculture, the drivers of change affecting it and its current status and trends. It describes the state of efforts to promote the sustainable use and conservation of biodiversity for food and agriculture, including through the development of supporting policies, legal frameworks, institutions and capacities. It concludes with a discussion of needs and challenges in the future management of biodiversity for food and agriculture. The report complements other global assessments prepared under the auspices of the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, which have focused on the state of genetic resources within particular sectors of food and agriculture.
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    Document
    Evaluation of FAO’s work in Genetic Resources 2016
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    Genetic resources for food and agriculture (GRFA) include the plant, animal, aquatic, microbial, forest and other genetic resources of relevance to agriculture, farming and food systems. GRFA are essential to global food production, especially considering the growth in population and consumption expected through 2050. They are the raw materials that farmers, herders, fishers, foresters, breeders (conventional as well as through biotechnology) and researchers rely upon to improve the quality and the amount of food produced. In addition, GRFA provide the building blocks for developing new materials that are adapted to changing climates or novel environments and production demands. In 2014-15, the Office of Evaluation (OED) assessed FAO’s work related to forest, plant, animal and aquatic genetic resources during the period 2007-15,8 in order to identify achievements and analyse factors that may have affected performance. The evaluation was led by an OED team including a senior consul tant, six thematic experts covering Plant, Animal, Forest and Aquatic Genetic Resources, and researchers from the Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement (CIRAD).

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