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Global lessons learned on sustainable reintegration in rural areas









FAO & Samuel Hall. 2023. Global lessons learned on sustainable reintegration in rural areas. Rome, FAO.




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    Book (stand-alone)
    Toolkit for the sustainable reintegration of return migrants in rural areas
    Guidance material
    2023
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    In 2020, the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic triggered an increase in the number of migrants returning to their countries of origin. A significant proportion of these returnees moved back to rural areas. In this context, assisting returnees in the process of reintegration has become a key priority for stakeholders, both in terms of immediate and medium- to long-term support. This toolkit aims to support local stakeholders and actors in agrifood systems to integrate rural returnees into programmes and other initiatives to develop the agrifood sector. It provides resources to design and implement programmes and projects to facilitate the reintegration of returnees in rural areas. The ultimate objective is to coordinate these reintegration efforts with larger rural development and rural transformation efforts and stimulate mutually reinforcing outcomes that support the achievement of sustainable livelihoods and well-being for local populations.The publication also includes a variety of tools to guide stakeholders during all phases of the programme cycle in the designing and implementing interventions that align with the recommendations given in the forthcoming publication, Global lessons learned on sustainable reintegration in rural areas study report, which was commissioned by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and produced by Samuel Hall.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Creating alternatives to migration and reintegrating migrants in rural areas 2023
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    While many people, especially youth, leave rural areas in search of better opportunities, returning migrants struggle to reintegrate in rural communities. Creating alternatives to migration and reintegrating migrants in rural areas is one of the priorities of FAO’s work on rural migration. It aims to help people find decent jobs in rural areas or kick start their agro-enterprises and make migration a choice not a necessity. The leaflet is part of a brochure that presents FAO’s work on rural migration and each priority for action. The leaflet includes a description of what FAO does, with whom and why, presenting tangible results and stories from the field.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Addressing negative socioeconomic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic through social protection in Viet Nam
    Supporting incomes and livelihoods with cash assistance in Dong Nai province
    2024
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    In late April 2021, Viet Nam faced its fourth wave of COVID-19, with over 895 000 new cases reported (FAO, 2022). COVID-19 and related restrictions hindered livelihood options and vulnerable households faced financial stress to cover basic needs. Some of them lost their income and were unable to return to home villages for a certain period of time. In addition, many people living in vulnerable households did not qualify for government social security assistance. Dong Nai is among the country’s top three provinces and city areas to be hit hardest by the COVID-19 pandemic and is home to over 3.2 million people, including more than 1.2 million workers, of which about 720 000 people are migrant workers from other provinces (FAO, 2022). The pandemic put a heavy burden on the provincial welfare and social protection system as hundreds lost their lives, more than 400 000 contracted workers lost their jobs, and many non-contracted workers lost their source of income because of the lockdown and other prevention and control measures (Dong Nai PPC, 2021; FAO, 2022). Additionally, due to travel restrictions, many were unable to return to their home villages and join their support networks. Thus, the intervention sought to sustain livelihoods by helping households cover basic needs during these times of hardship. Between November and December 2021, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) implemented an intervention in the context of the programme Scaling up Forecast-based Financing/ Early Warning Early Action (FbF/EWEA) and Shock Responsive Social Protection for disaster resilience in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). This brief documents the intervention which aimed to help households affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and related restrictions to cover their basic needs, including households already benefiting from existing social assistance and non-beneficiary households. More specifically, it sought to improve food security and prevent vulnerable households from resorting to negative coping mechanisms.

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