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The WTO Agreement on Fisheries Subsidies and the role of FAO










Lem, A., Castro de Souza, M., Toussaint, M., Bhakti, A. & Mateos, A. 2023. The WTO Agreement on Fisheries Subsidies and the role of FAO. Trade policy briefs, No. 53. Rome, FAO.





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    Book (series)
    Report of the forty-first session of the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM), Budva, Montenegro, 16 - 20 October 2017
    GFCM Report No. 41
    2018
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    The forty-first session of the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean as well as the eighth session of the Committee on Administration and Finance was attended by delegates of 22 contracting parties, as well as of three cooperating non-contracting parties and one non-contracting party. Representatives from 20 intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and its regional projects as well as the Bureaus of the Commission and its subsidiary bodies, were also in attendance. During the session, the progress in the implementation of the mid-term strategy was reviewed, including in relation to the 2017 Malta MedFish4Ever Ministerial Declaration. Moreover, cooperation activities within the framework of agreements with contracting parties and cooperating non-contracting parties and with partner organizations were discussed. In light of its increasing cooperation with the GFCM, the Commission granted cooperating non-contracting party status to the Republic of Moldova. In relation to the management of fisheries and aquaculture in the GFCM area of application, a total of eight binding recommendations were adopted, dealing with the following issues: reporting of aquaculture data and information; management of blackspot seabream fisheries in the Alboran Sea; establishment of a fisheries restricted area in the Jabuka/Pomo Pit (Adriatic Sea); multiannual management plan for turbot fisheries in the Black Sea; establishment of a regional adaptive management plan for the exploitation of red coral in the Mediterranean; submission of data on fishing activities in the GFCM area of application; a regional plan of action to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing in the GFCM area of application and an international joint inspection and surveillance scheme outside the waters under national jurisdiction in the Strait of Sicily. Furthermore, the Commission adopted six resolutions including: a strategy for the sustainable development of Mediterranean and Black Sea aquaculture; guidelines for the streamlining of aquaculture authorization and leasing processes; the reactivation of the Working Group on Fishing Technology; a permanent working group on vulnerable marine ecosystems; a network of essential fish habitats and the application of an International Maritime Organization number. Finally, the Commission adopted its programme of work for the next intersession and approved its budget amounting to US$2 532 162 for 2018 as well as a number of strategic actions to be funded through extrabudgetary resources. It also unanimously endorsed the renewed Bureaus of the Committee on Administration and Finance, the Scientific Advisory Committee on Aquaculture, the Working Group on the Black Sea and the Compliance Committee.
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    Meeting
    Report of the Fourteenth Session of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission 2010
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    The 14th Session of the Indian Ocean Tu Commission (IOTC) was held in Busan, Republic of Korea, from 1 to 5 March 2010. Representatives of 19 Members of the Commission, two Cooperating non-Contracting Parties, FAO, eight Observers and invited experts attended the Session. In response to concerns about the status of the stocks, the Commission adopted a conservation and magement action by which a time-area closure is established for purse-seine and longline fisheries, and a plan of action is start ed that will lead to the adoption of a quota or other appropriate conservation measure by 2012. The plan of action includes a feasibility study on improving data collection from artisal fisheries, and an inter-sessiol technical meeting to adopt recommendations on allocation criteria for a quota system. Magement advice is to be supplied by the Scientific Committee in a way that allows magers to assess the risks and benefits of different magement actions. The Commission also adopted a binding reso lution establishing a Port State measure, with provisions almost identical to the global Port State Agreement recently adopted by the FAO Council. The Commission also agreed to establish a mechanism for applying market-related measures against Parties that have engaged in activities undermining the objectives of the Commission. The issue of lack of compliance by Members, identified in the past as one of the major problems for IOTC, was addressed by the strengthening of the Compliance Committee, who will focus on the performance of individual Members, allowing it to identify Parties that are deficient in the implementation of IOTC resolutions. The Compliance Committee will have extended meetings to accommodate the additiol workload starting at its next Session. Combating illegal, unregulated and unreported (IUU) fishing continued with a detailed review of several incidents of IUU involving vessels from member states, which resulted in new vessels being listed under the IUU list. The Com mission also adopted a measure that, for the first time among tu RFMOs, protects all shark species in the family Alopiidae, by notably by the retention onboard and prohibiting the commercialization of these vulnerable species. The Commission agreed to the creation of a special Fund to support the participation of representatives from developing states in meetings of the Commission or its subsidiary bodies. Accumulated savings from previous years are to be used as seed funding for this purpose, a s well as to start the execution of sampling programmes in artisal fisheries, as requested in the Regiol Observer Scheme adopted in 2009. The Commission reiterated its deep concerns and desire to see the end of the ongoing issue of piracy off the coast of Somalia. The Commission approved the 2010/11 Program of Work and Budget of the Secretariat, and the schedule of contributions. The Commission renewed the status of Cooperating non-Contracting Party of Senegal, South Africa and Uruguay, and, for the first time, granted the status to Maldives. The following measures were adopted by the Commission: - Resolution 10/01 For the conservation and magement of tropical tus stocks in the IOTC area of Competence - Resolution 10/02 On mandatory statistical requirements for IOTC Members and Cooperating non-Contracting Parties (CPCs) - Resolution 10/03 Concerning the recording of catch by fishing vessels in the IOTC area - Resolution 10/04 On a Regiol Observer Scheme - Resolution 10/05 On the Establ ishment of a Meeting Participation Fund for Developing IOTC Members and non-Contracting Cooperating Parties (CPCs) - Resolution 10/06 On reducing the incidental bycatch of seabirds in longline fisheries - Resolution 10/07 Concerning a record of licensed foreign vessels fishing for tus and swordfish in the IOTC area - Resolution 10/08 Concerning a record of active foreign vessels fishing for tus and swordfish in the IOTC area - Resolution 10/09 Concerning the functions of the Compliance Committee - Resolution 10/10 Concerning Market Related Measures - Resolution 10/11 On port state measures to prevent, deter and elimite illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing - Resolution 10/12 On the conservation of thresher sharks (family Alopiidae) caught in association with fisheries in the IOTC area of competence - Recommendation 10/13 On the implementation of a ban on discards of skipjack tu, yellowfin tu, bigeye tu, and non-targeted species caught by purse-seiners
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    Document
    FAO General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean. Report of the thirty-seventh session. Split, Croatia, 13–17 May 2013 2014
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    The thirty-seventh session of the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM), including the fourth session of the Committee on Administration and Finance (CAF) and the seventh session of the Compliance Committee (CoC), was attended by representatives from 21 Contracting Parties, one non-GFCM Member country, and 11 observers. The Commission reviewed the intersessional activities of the Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) and the Committee on Aquaculture (CAQ) as well as the outcome s of the Task Force established to modernize the GFCM legal and institutional framework. Among the measures adopted this year by the Commission, a recommendation on a multiannual management plan and on transitional conservation measures for fisheries of small pelagic stocks in the Adriatic Sea has set actions aimed at minimizing the threat of overfishing and stock decline and encouraging the sustainable exploitation of these important target species while maintaining stable yields. In the Black Sea area, the Commission adopted a recommendation on the establishment of minimum standards for bottom-set gillnet fisheries for turbot and conservation of cetaceans, in order to guarantee the protection of juvenile turbots until they reach the reproductive size therefore contributing to the renewal of this population in the Black Sea. This measure also foresees standards for turbot fisheries aimed at reducing by-catch of cetaceans. In addition to these binding recommendations, the Commission ap proved two resolutions to promote the implementation of marine protected areas (including Fisheries Restricted Areas – FRAs) and to adopt guidelines on the management of fishing capacity according to resource availability in order to strengthen the control and monitoring of fishing effort and fishing capacity. Another outcome of the session was the adoption of guidelines on precautionary conservation measures aimed at minimizing undesirable effects on stocks and improving fisheries economic prof itability. In the field of aquaculture, taking into account the key role to be played by this sector towards food security and economic growth and recognizing the need to foster its sustainable development in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, the Commission agreed to establish the first multi-stakeholder platform involving all players in the sector. The Commission adopted its 2013 autonomous budget, amounting to US$1 940 973, along with its programme of work for the intersession, including un der the first GFCM Framework Programme for 2013–2018. The creation of five new working groups was agreed: three working groups on methodologies for socio-economic analysis, on small scale/artisanal fisheries and on recreational fisheries under the Subcommittee on Economic and Social Sciences (SCESS), one transversal working group on marine protected areas involving all subcommittees, and a working group for the revision of the GFCM Agreement. This year’s session was marked by substantial steps f orward to support the reform process launched in 2009 with the aim to modernize the institutional framework and ensure a more efficient functioning of the GFCM. The working group for the revision of the GFCM Agreement will be called to play a substantial role in this reform process, which should lead to enhanced sub-regional cooperation, the set-up of efficient mechanisms to ensure compliance to binding decisions, the establishment of a roadmap to fight illegal fishing, thus leading to improved long-term sustainability of fisheries and aquaculture in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. An extraordinary session, to be held in 2014, will examine the outcomes of this reform process.

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