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Strengthening Capacities of Parliamentarians in Africa for an Enabling Environment for Food Security and Nutrition Including the Right to Adequate Food - TCP/RAF/3612









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    Project
    Renforcement des capacités des parlementaires en Afrique favorisant un environnement propice à la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle, y compris le droit à une alimentation adéquate - TCP/RAF/3612 2020
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    Despite remarkable progress in some sub-regions and countries, the overall situation of food security and nutrition (FSN) in Africa continues to lag behind global trends. Approximately one out of four persons in Sub-Saharan Africa and one out of five on the continent were estimated to be undernourished in 2015. Although the overall prevalence of hunger in Sub-Saharan Africa fell by 30 percent between 1990-1992 and 2015 in absolute numbers, undernourishment increased over the same period and the progress made in tackling hunger did not translate into improved nutrition. The region is not on course to meet most World Health Assembly nutrition targets for the next decade. In 2014 the Malabo Declaration committed African leaders to reducing stunting to 10 percent in Africa by 2025, with the aim of eliminating hunger in Africa in the next decade. The Africa Regional Nutrition Strategy 2015-2025 outlines the specific role of the African Union Commission (AUC) in the elimination of hunger and malnutrition. Evidence has shown that the most effective FSN policies and frameworks are those anchored in legislation. Although the right to adequate food is explicitly expressed in seven national Constitutions in Africa, and implicitly in a further 18, there remains the need to address structural challenges and create an enabling environment for FSN. Given their legislative, budgetary and policy oversight roles, parliamentarians are critical partners in the fight to eradicate poverty and malnutrition. In May 2016, at the Fourth Ordinary Session of the Second Pan-African Parliament over 100 parliamentarians from across Africa
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    Project
    Enabling Parliamentarian Action to Ending Hunger and Malnutrition in Eastern Africa - TCP/SFE/3703 2022
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    Food insecurity and malnutrition remain major public health and socio economic development challenges in Africa, most particularly in Eastern Africa subregion Close to half of the total undernourished population of the African continent resides in Eastern Africa approximately 28 million people in the subregion are severely food insecure according to recent data The critical role of Members of Parliament ( in advancing national and regional food and nutrition agendas makes them important partners in achieving food and nutrition security in Eastern Africa subregion Building on global and regional momentum to mobilize MPs in the fight to end hunger and malnutrition, FAO and the Pan African Parliament ( signed a memorandum of understanding MoU for the establishment of a PAP alliance for Food Security and Nutrition (PAPA FSN) in 2016 At a subsequent meeting, held in Kigali in 2017 commitments were made to establish national Parliamentary Alliances for Food and Nutrition Security in Djibouti, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, the United Republic of Tanzania and Uganda The agenda of this meeting focused on the role of lawmakers in ensuring Food Security and Nutrition ( and the importance of MPs’ support to ending hunger and malnutrition in the subregion This resulted in MPs’ further commitment to forming a subregional platform to promote learning and experience sharing Participating MPs also called on continuous support from FAO in their efforts to establish and operationalize national and regional alliances Events such as the Global Parliamentary Summit against Hunger and Malnutrition and the Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture ( Biennial Conference, both held in 2018 continued to strengthen commitments by MPs to intensify their efforts to fight hunger in a transformational way For example, the Global Parliamentary Summit invited Parliaments where parliamentary alliances against hunger and malnutrition do not exist, to create them and to strengthen them as a political commitment and to contribute to achieving a world free from hunger in 2030 This project, which was developed upon request of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development ( supports the formation of parliamentarian alliances in Eastern African countries and builds the capacity of parliamentarians to advocate, generate political commitment, strengthen legislative and policy environments and improve budget allocation for FSN issues.
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    Book (series)
    Africa - Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition 2023
    Statistics and trends
    2023
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    Africa is facing a food crisis of unprecedented proportions. Millions are expected to be at risk of worsening hunger in the near future due to the rippling effects of the war in Ukraine, which are compounding the devastating impacts that conflicts, climate variability and extremes, economic slowdowns and downturns, and the aftereffects of the COVID-19 pandemic are having on the most vulnerable. In this context, social and gender inequalities are also on the rise, with women and girls being among the most affected by these shocks.Despite efforts made in several countries, the African continent is not on track to meet the food security and nutrition targets of the Sustainable Development Goal 2 on Zero Hunger for 2030, and certainly the Malabo targets of ending hunger and all forms of malnutrition by 2025. The most recent estimates show that nearly 282 million people in Africa (about 20 percent of the population) were undernourished in 2022, an increase of 57 million people since the COVID-19 pandemic began. About 868 million people were moderately or severely food-insecure and more than one-third of them – 342 million people – were severely food-insecure.The present edition of the report presents the latest analysis of the prevalence and trends in undernourishment, food insecurity, and malnutrition. In addition, it includes, for the first time, estimates of the cost and affordability of a healthy diet, which are useful indicators of people’s economic access to nutritious foods and healthy diets.The deterioration of the food security situation and the lack of progress towards the WHO global nutrition targets make it imperative for countries to step up their efforts ifthey are to achieve a world without hunger and malnutrition by 2030. The call for greater action remains true in view of the projected lower rate of economic growth, high general andfood price inflation, and raising borrowing costs on domestic and international markets since 2022.

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