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How to buffer impacts of climate variability and dry spells in home gardens by using botanical pesticides and liquid compost, Cambodia










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    Wheat cultivation with farmyard manure and compost application under dry spell conditions in Pakistan 2018
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    This technology describes the introduction of farmyard manure (FYM) and the application of compost for wheat production in the Ghotki district in Pakistan. FYM serves as balanced nutritional manure for plants, improves soil biodiversity and represents a cost-effective fertilisation strategy. Physical properties like bulk density, porosity, void ratio, water permeability and hydraulic conductivity were also significantly improved when FYM was applied. Similarly, compost application increases the availability of essential micro- and macronutrients for the crop and can improve physical and chemical properties of the soils. The tiller, plant height and biomass were also significantly increased. Using compost and FYM helped farmers to increase yields, while contributing to decrease the use of chemical fertilizer and improving soil texture for successive crops.
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    Preparation and use of compost 2010
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    Compost is an organic fertilizer that can be made on the farm at very low cost. The most important input is the farmer's labour. Compost is decomposed organic matter, such as crop residues and/or animal manure. Most of these ingredients can be easily found around the farm. Agromisa’s Question and Answer Service frequently receives questions from farmers who face a problem with a decreasing fertility of their soils. Due to soil fertility problems, crop returns often decrease and the crops are more susceptible to pests and diseases because they are in bad condition. In order to increase soil fertility in the short run, nutrients have to be added to the soil. This is often done by applying chemical fertilizers. Chemical fertilizers, however, are expensive to purchase and for most small-scale farmers, this is a problem. Preparation and use of compost can be a solution to that problem.
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    Strengthening Capacity in Home Gardening, Healthy Food Awareness and Effective Biosecurity for Tokelau - TCP/TOK/3601 2020
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    As a net food importer and remote atoll island nation with limited land and soils of low fertility, Tokelau has faced increasingly complex challenges in ensuring a reliable, sufficient and diversified local production of essential food crops for its population of under 1 500 people Tokelau’s need for enhanced technical capacities for food crop production, climate change adaptation and integrated pest management comes on the heels of its government’s call for collaborative efforts between national authorities, local communities and technical and resource partners to help revitalize domestic food production These efforts are part of a broader commitment to safeguarding fragile ecosystems and building preventive capacities to new pests and diseases that affect small island developing states ( Consumer demand for imported, processed goods has also increased in recent years, with latest estimates suggesting that up to 90 percent of all food consumed in Tokelau is imported In addition to this missed opportunity for communities to rely on local production for their dietary needs, the Tokelau Department of Health has warned against a rising dependency on imported, processed foods and its contribution to increases in non communicable diseases (NCDs).

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