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The intersection between socioeconomic conditions and youth radicalisation - Implications for programming in the G5 Sahel countries










Mayhew, L., McCullough, A., El Taraboulsi-McCarthy, S., Allen, A., Levine, S. 2022. The intersection between socioeconomic conditions and youth radicalisation - Implications for programming in the G5 Sahel countries. Rome, FAO.  




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    Book (stand-alone)
    L’intersection entre les conditions socio-économiques et la radicalisation des jeunes - Implications pour la programmation dans les pays du G5 Sahel 2022
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    Cette étude de la FAO-ODI fournit une analyse factuelle des moteurs de la radicalisation des jeunes au Sahel et explique ce que cela signifie pour la formulation de programmes visant à répondre à cette préoccupation. Des ressources ont été investies pour tenter de s'attaquer aux facteurs sous-jacents de la radicalisation des jeunes, souvent par le biais de programmes portant le label «Lutter contre l’extrémisme violent» " (Countering Violent Extremism - CVE) ou « Prévention de l’extrémisme violent » (Prevention of Violent Extremism - PVE). Ces approches tendent à classer les individus « à risque » en fonction de certains profils socio-économiques. En particulier, lier à la fois la pauvreté et le chômage à la radicalisation a été une hypothèse populaire chez les décideurs politiques. Cela est basé sur des arguments selon lesquels la pauvreté et le chômage génèrent des motivations basées sur les griefs et réduisent le coût d’opportunité pour s’engager dans la violence politique. En réponse à cette hypothèse, les programmes de prévention et de lutte contre la criminalité incluent souvent la mise en place d’alternatives économiques et de formations qualifiantes dans le but de dissuader les jeunes de rejoindre les groupes armés. Cependant, les conclusions de ce rapport remettent en question ce cadre. Sur la base d’un examen de plus de 50 études sur la radicalisation au Sahel et des preuves de la mise en oeuvre de programmes P/CVE dans la région, il a été estimé que les moteurs de la radicalisation dans la région sont géographiquement spécifiques et doivent donc être considérés dans l'espace, plutôt que de chercher à produire un profil « type » des jeunes qui sont vulnérables à la radicalisation. Ce rapport vise non seulement à découvrir comment les conditions socio-économiques interagissent avec les dynamiques politiques pour produire des environnements propices à la radicalisation des jeunes, mais aussi à fournir des recommandations sur la façon dont la FAO peut adapter les programmes d’emploi régionaux afin qu’ils contribuent à réduire la radicalisation.
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    Yemen Plan of Action. Towards Resilient and Sustainable Livelihoods for Agriculture and Food and Nutrition Security 2014-2018 2014
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    Yemen, one of the least developed countries in the world, is experiencing a complex and protracted crisis that has heavily affected its political and socio-economic stability and economic performance. Years of conflict – compounded by the degradation of natural resources, limited food production, climate change and variability, population growth and widespread unemployment – have made much of Yemen’s population extremely vulnerable. Hunger affects 10.5 million people (nearly half the nation), in cluding 4.5 million who are severely food insecure. An overlapping 55 percent live in poverty and 35 percent are unemployed. Rural populations are disproportionately vulnerable, accounting for 84 percent of the country’s poor. Competition over scarce opportunities, resources and services is increasing fast. Yemen’s population is growing by 3.6 percent per year, half of its people are under the age of 15 and 60 percent of youth are jobless. Lack of employment opportunities, particularly for youth , fuels alienation and exclusion from the state and economy, and feeds into conflict, instability and increased migration. Growing numbers of internally displaced people (IDPs), refugees, migrants and returnees throughout Yemen are exerting further unsustainable pressure. Once self-sufficient in cereals, Yemen now depends on oil revenue to import nearly all of the country’s food. Around 95 percent of cereals consumed and 85 percent of overall foodstuffs were imported in 2013. Rising internationa l commodity prices further threaten the food consumption and dietary diversity of Yemen’s poor, as families must spend more money for the same amount of food. To cope, poor households often cut other critical expenses, such as schooling and medical care. There is tremendous need, scope and potential to strengthen agriculture in Yemen. The sector – encompassing crops, livestock, fisheries and forestry production – employs over half of the labour force and provides a livelihood to two out of three people. Despite severe resource constraints, agriculture remains one of the most promising sectors in terms of employment creation, economic growth and trade development.
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    Study on the State of Agriculture in the Caribbean: Annexes
    Opportunities, prospects and gaps
    2020
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    Strategic investments in the agriculture sector are a catalyst for sustainable, economic growth and poverty reduction. Through their partnership, the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) have produced this comprehensive study on the State of Agriculture in the Caribbean, drawing upon decades of research on the many drivers of change affecting the CDB’s Borrowing Member Countries (BMCs), including international trade, institutional policies, and climate change. This Annex report is the accomanying document to the main report 'Study on the State of Agriculture in the Caribbean Region'. Both studies follows forty years of structural change in the agriculture sector of BMCs, and can support the development of an updated Agriculture Sector Strategy, by identifying key trends in agriculture in BMCs, and the related opportunities for investments in support of growth, poverty reduction, and sustainability. The Study concludes that agriculture can be an important source for economic growth and a key contributor to poverty reduction, particularly for households that are profiting less from the growth in other sectors. Through the promotion of inclusive and sustainable agricultural development, CDB can play an instrumental role in supporting BMCs in meeting their SDGs targets particularly in relation to socio-economic and environmental challenges, including poverty (SDG1) food and nutrition insecurity (SDG2), obesity (SDG3), youth unemployment (SDG8), resilient infrastructure (SDG9), gender inequality (SDG5), sustainable use of natural resources, and climate change (SDG13).
  • Thumbnail Image
    Book (stand-alone)
    L’intersection entre les conditions socio-économiques et la radicalisation des jeunes - Implications pour la programmation dans les pays du G5 Sahel 2022
    Also available in:

    Cette étude de la FAO-ODI fournit une analyse factuelle des moteurs de la radicalisation des jeunes au Sahel et explique ce que cela signifie pour la formulation de programmes visant à répondre à cette préoccupation. Des ressources ont été investies pour tenter de s'attaquer aux facteurs sous-jacents de la radicalisation des jeunes, souvent par le biais de programmes portant le label «Lutter contre l’extrémisme violent» " (Countering Violent Extremism - CVE) ou « Prévention de l’extrémisme violent » (Prevention of Violent Extremism - PVE). Ces approches tendent à classer les individus « à risque » en fonction de certains profils socio-économiques. En particulier, lier à la fois la pauvreté et le chômage à la radicalisation a été une hypothèse populaire chez les décideurs politiques. Cela est basé sur des arguments selon lesquels la pauvreté et le chômage génèrent des motivations basées sur les griefs et réduisent le coût d’opportunité pour s’engager dans la violence politique. En réponse à cette hypothèse, les programmes de prévention et de lutte contre la criminalité incluent souvent la mise en place d’alternatives économiques et de formations qualifiantes dans le but de dissuader les jeunes de rejoindre les groupes armés. Cependant, les conclusions de ce rapport remettent en question ce cadre. Sur la base d’un examen de plus de 50 études sur la radicalisation au Sahel et des preuves de la mise en oeuvre de programmes P/CVE dans la région, il a été estimé que les moteurs de la radicalisation dans la région sont géographiquement spécifiques et doivent donc être considérés dans l'espace, plutôt que de chercher à produire un profil « type » des jeunes qui sont vulnérables à la radicalisation. Ce rapport vise non seulement à découvrir comment les conditions socio-économiques interagissent avec les dynamiques politiques pour produire des environnements propices à la radicalisation des jeunes, mais aussi à fournir des recommandations sur la façon dont la FAO peut adapter les programmes d’emploi régionaux afin qu’ils contribuent à réduire la radicalisation.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Document
    Yemen Plan of Action. Towards Resilient and Sustainable Livelihoods for Agriculture and Food and Nutrition Security 2014-2018 2014
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    Yemen, one of the least developed countries in the world, is experiencing a complex and protracted crisis that has heavily affected its political and socio-economic stability and economic performance. Years of conflict – compounded by the degradation of natural resources, limited food production, climate change and variability, population growth and widespread unemployment – have made much of Yemen’s population extremely vulnerable. Hunger affects 10.5 million people (nearly half the nation), in cluding 4.5 million who are severely food insecure. An overlapping 55 percent live in poverty and 35 percent are unemployed. Rural populations are disproportionately vulnerable, accounting for 84 percent of the country’s poor. Competition over scarce opportunities, resources and services is increasing fast. Yemen’s population is growing by 3.6 percent per year, half of its people are under the age of 15 and 60 percent of youth are jobless. Lack of employment opportunities, particularly for youth , fuels alienation and exclusion from the state and economy, and feeds into conflict, instability and increased migration. Growing numbers of internally displaced people (IDPs), refugees, migrants and returnees throughout Yemen are exerting further unsustainable pressure. Once self-sufficient in cereals, Yemen now depends on oil revenue to import nearly all of the country’s food. Around 95 percent of cereals consumed and 85 percent of overall foodstuffs were imported in 2013. Rising internationa l commodity prices further threaten the food consumption and dietary diversity of Yemen’s poor, as families must spend more money for the same amount of food. To cope, poor households often cut other critical expenses, such as schooling and medical care. There is tremendous need, scope and potential to strengthen agriculture in Yemen. The sector – encompassing crops, livestock, fisheries and forestry production – employs over half of the labour force and provides a livelihood to two out of three people. Despite severe resource constraints, agriculture remains one of the most promising sectors in terms of employment creation, economic growth and trade development.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Book (stand-alone)
    Study on the State of Agriculture in the Caribbean: Annexes
    Opportunities, prospects and gaps
    2020
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    Strategic investments in the agriculture sector are a catalyst for sustainable, economic growth and poverty reduction. Through their partnership, the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) have produced this comprehensive study on the State of Agriculture in the Caribbean, drawing upon decades of research on the many drivers of change affecting the CDB’s Borrowing Member Countries (BMCs), including international trade, institutional policies, and climate change. This Annex report is the accomanying document to the main report 'Study on the State of Agriculture in the Caribbean Region'. Both studies follows forty years of structural change in the agriculture sector of BMCs, and can support the development of an updated Agriculture Sector Strategy, by identifying key trends in agriculture in BMCs, and the related opportunities for investments in support of growth, poverty reduction, and sustainability. The Study concludes that agriculture can be an important source for economic growth and a key contributor to poverty reduction, particularly for households that are profiting less from the growth in other sectors. Through the promotion of inclusive and sustainable agricultural development, CDB can play an instrumental role in supporting BMCs in meeting their SDGs targets particularly in relation to socio-economic and environmental challenges, including poverty (SDG1) food and nutrition insecurity (SDG2), obesity (SDG3), youth unemployment (SDG8), resilient infrastructure (SDG9), gender inequality (SDG5), sustainable use of natural resources, and climate change (SDG13).

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