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Somalia | 2021 Humanitarian Response Plan










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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Resilience Building in Somalia
    FAO Programme Review 2024
    2024
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    Leveraging on more than a decade of delivering humanitarian response, saving lives, and building resilient and sustainable livelihoods in Somalia, FAO continues to prioritize strengthening the productive sectors and resilient food systems. At the core of this is building resilience against climate change and human-induced crises as well as protecting the poor and vulnerable from shocks and stresses. In Somalia, FAO operates one of the largest resilience programmes in sub-Saharan Africa in efforts to contribute to the regional, sub-regional and country priorities. FAO defines Resilience as the ability of individuals, households, and communities to PREVENT, ANTICIPATE, ABSORB, ADOPT and TRANSFORM positively, efficiently, and effectively when faced with a wide range of risks and crises while maintaining an acceptable level of functioning without compromising long-term prospects for sustainable development, peace and security, human rights, and well-being for all. The ongoing programme in Somalia implemented in collaboration with the government of Somalia and partners focuses on enhancing evidence-based policies and institutional interventions, covering components such as food security, nutrition, land, agriculture, aquaculture, livestock breeding, infrastructure rehabilitation/construction and seed policies and production. Through the programme, FAO supports increased production and productivity through targeted support to households, smallholder farmers, farmer organizations and cooperatives, youth and women organizations improved efficiency; provision/improvement of infrastructure such as feeder roads, markets, flood embarkments, fish landing sites, veterinary and seed laboratories; improving farmer knowledge and skills; investing in early warning and early action systems for evidence-based decision making and anticipatory actions; and strengthening of stakeholder coordination for higher and lasting impact of interventions. To improve agri-food system resilience, FAO has focused on supporting increased crop production to meet the cereal needs of the most vulnerable. To strengthen the preventive and anticipative resilience of the communities and the government, emphasis is made on strengthening the capacity of federal and state governments to conduct desert locust surveillance and control in order to prevent the destruction of crops. Support is provided to the livestock sector through animal treatment and vaccination campaigns, including efforts to commercialize the sector and reduce livestock-related conflicts. Moving towards adaptive and transformative capacity for longer term and sustainable resilience building, the focus is made towards strengthening irrigation potential in the riverine areas while providing cash to enable quick recovery. The FAO Somalia programme is also promoting the development of the fisheries sector which has a great potential to contribute to national food security. FAO interventions towards building resilience.
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    Somalia | Humanitarian Response Plan 2020 2020
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    Since 2016, Somalia has faced climate shocks for eight back-to-back agricultural seasons. From drought to floods and cyclones, these have been increasingly frequent and exacerbated by plant pest outbreaks, including a recent and serious upsurge in desert locusts. This all further undermines the food security, nutrition and coping capacities of millions of already vulnerable people. Without harvests, livestock or fish, families lack food not only food on the table but also the means to buy any or meet their basic needs. The Somalia Humanitarian Response Plan 2020 calls for large-scale and sustained assitance to avoid a spiralling of the situation and support rural households to get back on their feet.
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    Somalia | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    Somalia faces the triple threat of COVID-19, desert locusts and ongoing severe floods, with the number of people in severe acute insecurity expected to triple by September since the start of 2020. Against a population of 12.3 million, this amounts to one in every four Somalis facing acute food insecurity at crisis or worse levels and in need of humanitarian assistance due to the combined impact of these newly emerging and past shocks. Somalia had its first reported case of COVID-19 in March 2020 and cases have since continued to rise with 2 696 people infected as of 18 June 2020. Many aspects of life and trade that underpin food security in the country are being disrupted, including food imports, remittances and the livestock sector. The overall impact of COVID-19, including containment measures, are expected to be adverse considering that agriculture accounts for 65 percent of Somalia’s gross domestic product (GDP), while livestock is the second largest contributor; accounting for up to 40 percent of the GDP and more than 50 percent of the export earnings. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.

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