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Case studies on Korea-China’s combating desertification cooperation project in China

XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022









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    Document
    Type classification of damaged forest in the Island Areas, west coast of Korea and analysis on the charaterisitics of restoration sites
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    The study aims to produce basic data which can be used in establishing a forest restoration plan in the island areas of the west coast of Korea. First, the damaged type of island area was determined based on the GIS data, and a field study was carried out on 110 of the extracted damaged areas for classified type of forest restoration sites with the Forest Restoration Guidelines of the Korea Forest Service. As a result of the analysis, the total number of islands on the west coast of Korea was 1,977 (254,258 ha), with 323 (248,258 ha) of manned islands and 1,654 (5,871 ha) of uninhabited islands. 11 damage types (590 locations) were extracted through video reading of 2,774 suspected deforestation cases (5,431 ha). The field survey was conducted on 110 locations on 44 islands which were reclassified into 14 damage types. Among the types of forest restoration target sites, the types of damage (12 places) that require restoration of the underlying environment are classified into three categories: facility sites, soil and stone ground, and landslide-damaged sites. it was found to be a man-made damages concentrated in private land with high development pressure, especially in Incheon and Jeollanam-do province by region. Vegetation restoration included 9 different types of damage (96 sites) and it was analyzed that Incheon Metropolitan City and Chungcheongnam-do province have a high rate of grassland and livestock grazing land and Jeollabuk-do province with high distribution of grassland and non-stocked forest land. And Jeollanam-do province had 8 types of damage, relatively more various types of damage confirmed compared to other areas. Habitat and species restoration are required for bird colonies and coastal wetland types (one site, respectively). Plants are dying due to fishery and neglected household waste and bird excrement, therefore it shall be considered from the habitat restoration point of view. The research results are expected to be used in extracting target sites for forest restoration plan and a criteria to find the target sites suitable for the characteristics of damaged areas. Keywords: Monitoring and data collection ID: 3622908
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    Newsletter
    FAO China Newsletter, June 2020 - Issue #2
    Innovations for Zero Hunger
    2020
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    Year 2019 was a rewarding year to FAO China regarding innovation. Firstly, several innovative activities were conducted in collaboration with Tsinghua University: the first Hackathon was successfully organized in Beijing which aimed at reducing food loss and waste, and was proved to be an excellent platform for youth to demonstrate their creativity in searching solutions; the first service design course was jointly launched themed at providing innovative solutions for Hani Terraces of Honghe County in Yunnan Province, students from Tsinghua University conducted field research in Hani Terraces and proposed five innovative solutions accordingly; In response to the COVID-19 and tackle the social challenges caused by the isolation during the pandemic, a proposed joint course was swiftly shifted to an online one which themed at “Design Out Isolation” . Secondly, FAO China launched its first private-sector-fully- funded project “Development of Sustainable Development Goals Villages”, and later the first Farmer Field Business School was organized in Hubei province of China. Thirdly, new approaches to raise awareness on protecting migratory birds and wetland were practicing at Poyang Lake wetland site, one of the FAO-GEF project sites in China. In the future, FAO China aims to strengthen its role as the platform for innovation, sharing experiences and resource mobilization, and continuously working with the dedicated partners to achieve the sustainable development goals and a Zero Hunger world.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    China: recycling of organic wastes in agriculture. Report on an FAO/UNDP study tour to the People's Republic of China, 28 April - 24 May 1977
    FAO Soils Bulletin 40
    1977
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    In China the research group visited Peking, the Provinces of Jiangsu, Guangdong, Hebei, Shanxi and the municipality of Shanghai. The member of the group were deeply impressed by the agricultural, economic and cultural achievements of the People?s Republic of China. They gained valuable experience, especially in the field of recycling of organic wastes in agriculture which will be most useful in the development of agriculture in their own countries. The major part of the report is devoted to the main subject of the Study Tour and it emphasizes the practical aspects and applicability of the methods studied in China. At present, about two-thirds of the total nutrient intake is derived from natural manures and heavy reliance on these manures will continue because the Chinese have developed a long standing experience in matching the various types of organic manures to their local soils. While mineral fertilizers are relatively costly, organic manures are constantly available locally at litt le or no cost except in manpower.

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